Would you ride in a car that was prepared to kill you? An “ethical knob” could let the owners of self-driving cars choose their car’s ethical setting. You could set the car to sacrifice you for the survival of others, or even to always sacrifice others to save you.
The dilemma of how self-driving cars should tackle moral decisions is one of the major problems facing manufacturers. When humans drive cars, instinct governs our reaction to danger. When fatal crashes occur, it is usually clear who is responsible.
But if cars are to drive themselves, they cannot rely on instinct, they must rely on code. And when the worst happens will it be the software engineers, the manufacturers or the car owner who is ultimately responsible?
People’s attitudes to the issue are also complicated. A 2015 study found that most people think a driverless car should be utilitarian, taking actions to minimise the amount of overall harm, which might mean sacrificing its own passengers in certain situations. But while people agreed to this in principle, they also said they would never get in a car that was prepared to kill them.
Go “full altruist”
“We wanted to explore what would happen if the control and the responsibility for a car’s actions were given back to the driver,” says Guiseppe Contissa at the University of Bologna in Italy, who along with his colleagues has come up with a solution.
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21-year-old Dane Nash, from Bristol, UK, gets around 80% of his daily calorie intake from bananas, consuming up to 150 yellow fruits every week. Despite doctors’ warnings, the young “fruitarian” claims that the banana-heavy diet provides “amazing health, endless energy and fantastic all-round well-being”.
Dane embraced the vegan lifestyle two years ago, as a way to solve his acne problem. Before that, he had tried vegetarianism, but after doing some research, he decided that going raw was the way to go. He says that all other species consume raw food for a reason – it’s good for them – but people at one point started cooking various foods, which really isn’t very good for us. For about half a year, Nash has been on a raw-only diet, with only a few slip-ups, like the occasional cooked rice. He gets most of his nutrients from ample quantities of bananas, mixes with lots of spinach and other leafy vegetables, as well as berries.
The fruitarian told BBC that his typical daily diet consists of two large smoothies (8 to 12 bananas blended with half a pound of spinach) in the morning, a lunch of berries, pears or other fruit blended with another 8 to 12 bananas, and, in the evening, a big salad (at least a pound of leafy greens and other vegetables). All of this amounts to around 3,000 calories per day, which is above the daily recommended intake, although you couldn’t really tell by looking at him.
“Bananas are the best way to go,” Nash said. “They’re the best tropical fruits that are readily available in the UK. They’re cheap, they’re consistent in terms of calories, and they’re consistent in terms of nutrients, too. This diet has helped me a lot in taking control of my health and my life, and I’m now healthier than ever. I cannot recommend it enough.”
The Bristol-based fruitarian consumes up to 150 bananas per week, so he always a supply of them at home. He buys four or five 18kg crates of yellow fruits every month, and likes to eat them when they are nice and ripe. “They should be brown and spotty. They should almost look like they’re about to go off,” he says. “When they’re like that, they’re the sweetest that they can be, and they’re soft as well.”
Although they make up around 80% of his daily calorie intake, Dane Nash also supplements his diet with Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D, as well as spirulina, which he claims contains very nutrient that the body needs.
Nutrition experts don’t really agree with Dane’s diet, claiming that it is missing important elements, and most importantly, diversity.
“This diet lacks very important nutrients, particularly protein and fat, micronutrients (especially fat soluble nutrients) – and, very importantly, variety,” said Lucy Patterson, a Nutritional Therapist at Southville Nutrition Clinic in Bristol. “There is a healthier way to eat a vegan diet, but unfortunately this person is missing some significant aspects of it.”
A woman in China who had an abortion was shocked to find that the midwife had ‘saved’ the child and sold him to another family.
In April 2013, 18-year-old Lili from Inner Mongolia found out she was pregnant and didn’t tell anyone until she reached 35 weeks.
Accompanied by her brother, she underwent an abortion which she was told was successful. However some three days later she was told by police that the child had been saved by a nurse.
The procedure went smoothly and when it came to pay the costs of the procedure, Lili also paid for the 20 yuan (£2.27) disposal fee of the fetus, reports Sina.
The maternity nurse Liang Xiaohua confessed that she felt the fetus had the possibility of surviving.
Liang Xiaohua said that she heard the child crying and took it out from the plastic bag to rescue. She attached the baby to oxygen and gave it water while she hid it in a cupboard.
The nurse was overheard calling someone and asking if they wanted a child and telling them that she did not know if it was a boy or a girl.
She sold it to her cousin who took the child to her home.
Local villagers became suspicious of the cousin and informed police of the baby.
Some three days later, Lili found out that the baby had not died during the abortion and that the child had been sold.
Lili asked the police about the child’s whereabouts but would not reveal where it was. She claimed that officers then became unresponsive.
Lili visited multiple Health Bureaus and Family Planning Bureaus however they would not tell her about her child.
Hongshan District Public Security Bureau deputy commander Zhang said he came to the conclusion that the baby was abducted. However a petition would not be filed.
Eventually on January 8, 2014, Liang Xiaohua was arrested on suspicion of child abduction. Lili asked Liang Xiaohua for compensation including medical costs, lawyer’s fees and support costs of 1.1 million yuan (£124,000).
Liang Xiaohua was sentenced to two years in prison for the abduction of the child. However Lili was not granted compensation.
Lili appealed but had no such luck.
In February 2014, Hongshan District Public Security Bureau deputy commander Zhang and three other members of staff were found guilty for dereliction of duty but were not handed sentences.
The court case was finally closed in May 2017.
A 73-year-old fisherman’s survival was nothing short of a miracle after a great white shark jumped into his boat.
Terry Selwood, an elderly man from Evans Head, Australia, was fishing alone over the weekend when Marine Rescue NSW was alerted to the emergency.
When they arrived, the rescue crew wrote on Facebook that they saw the 73-year-old on the side of his 19-foot ship, “covered in blood with numerous lacerations on his right arm.”
Selwood had apparently been in the boat by himself when a 9-foot-long great white shark suddenly leaped onto his boat. The shark continued to thrash on the deck of his boat, injuring the man in the process.
He was eventually able to reach the side of his boat, and out of the shark’s way, when he called for an emergency rescue.
“Thankfully, the fisherman only suffered fright and a number of lacerations which resulted in a few stitches,” Marine Rescue NSW reported.
They were able to bring him onto a rescue ship before helicopters airlifted him to safety.
The rescue team said Selwood’s boat, with the shark still on it, was towed back to shore. The sea predator, which died on the boat, will be used for research.
“He now has an amazing survival story of ‘the one that didn’t get away,’” rescuers joked.
Source Article from https://www.yahoo.com/news/fisherman-73-miraculously-survives-9-174600643.html