Ron Paul Issues Dire Warning: U.S. ‘On the Verge of 1989’s Soviet System Collapse’


Washington, D.C. – Never one to shy away from controversy, but often accurate assessments of fact, Ron Paul—who rose to prominence with presidential runs in both 2008 and 2012, running on an anti-war, pro-civil liberties message—made a monumental statement about the current state of the extremely dysfunctional U.S. political system, during an interview with the Washington Examiner, and noted how that could benefit libertarians in 2020.

“The big opening for us is the fact that this system is coming apart. We’re on the verge of something like what happened in ‘89 when the Soviet system just collapsed,” Paul said. “I’m just hoping our system comes apart as gracefully as the Soviet system.”

The “us” Paul is talking about is the libertarian movement, as Paul is perhaps the most prominent ideologically libertarian voice in the world.

The libertarian thought leader told the Washington Examiner that while he does not foresee the United States breaking into separate countries like the Soviet Union did, he does expect the coming systemic collapse to include an end to our currently unsustainable monetary policy and an end to the global “empire” maintained by the U.S. military—with over 800 bases operating in over 70 countries.

“We have ownership of these countries, but it’s not quite like the Soviets did,” Paul said. “I think our stature in the world and our empire will end, and that’s when, hopefully, the doors will be open and [people will] say, ‘Hey, maybe these libertarians have some answers to this.’”

Paul presciently noted that “the country’s feeling a lot better, but it’s all on borrowed money” and that the whole system’s an illusion” built on corporate, personal, and governmental debt that will never be paid back.

“It’s a bubble economy in many many different ways and it’s going to come unglued,” he said.

Paul calls the Federal Reserve “the chief culprit” in the financial crisis of 2008, and says the Fed’s willful printing of more currency under the guise of “quantitative easing,” or whatever other fancy name they use for printing money out of thin air, creates “boom” and “bust” scenarios which have eroded the value of the U.S. dollar to record lows amounting to a total loss of 96 percent of its value.

Paul went on to note that he disapproves of Trump’s foreign policy, in particular, his handling of the North Korean nuclear crisis and his staunch support for Saudi Arabia—who Trump, prior to becoming President, intimated on video was possibly behind the 9/11 WTC attacks.

“I think the foreign policy is a total disaster. Trump’s approach sounds good one day but the next day he’s antagonizing everyone in the world and thinks we should start a war here and there,” Paul told the Washington Examiner.

In a tweetstorm during a Trump speech back in February, Ron Paul laid waste to Trump’s warmongering and hypocrisy.

After running for the presidency on a platform that included getting the U.S. out of NATO, Trump—like all politicians do—switched his stance and began to promote it as a historic alliance.

“We strongly support NATO, an alliance forged through the bonds of two World Wars that dethroned fascism,” Trump said.

The former congressman has a way of presenting the facts in a clear and compelling manner that is often extremely difficult to refute.

Paul said that he continues to view the U.S. as on a steady path to fascism.

“This time when we have a permanent war on terrorism there’s no backing off—and with the war on immigrants, and the borders,” Paul said. “Anybody who thinks we’re not doing too badly has not been flying on an airplane lately. That’s about as authoritarian-fascism as you can get.”

Sadly, many former Ron Paul supporters jumped on the Trump bandwagon, as they perceived him to be an outsider running against the status quo. As Paul describes it, the appearance of Trump has been a setback for the libertarian movement, but he maintains hope for the near future.

“The appearance of the libertarian movement has been set back partially because of Trump, but intellectually we’ve been doing well,” Paul told the Examiner, noting a substantial “hardcore nucleus.”

“We as libertarians have some work to do before [voters] are going to accept a true-blue libertarian,” he said, “but I think moving in that direction and having a popular candidate [in 2020] is very possible.”

“If they only hear our message, I know they would choose liberty and sound money and freedom and peace over the mess we have today,” Paul said.

Perhaps breaking up like the former Soviet Union is not that bad of an idea after all.

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Cold War fun: Pilot reveals Soviet bomber crews asked US jets to barrel-roll & took pics (PHOTO)

The picture was published by the popular military aviation blog The Aviationist on December 4 as an illustration of how the definition of recklessness has changed since the Cold War. Maneuvers like barrel rolls or aggressive turns during interception missions are now usually branded by the Pentagon as “unprofessional” or “unsafe” if performed by Russian or Chinese pilots responding to American aircraft.

But a few decades ago such stunts were quite routine and not perceived as anything dangerous. Military aviation blogger David Cenciotti cited a US spy plane veteran pilot calling such episodes “ho-hum.” He added that American pilots actually behaved in the same manner, as evidenced by the photo with the ‘Phantom’ flying upside down alongside the ‘Bear.’

The image went viral, and its owner Robert M. Sihler contacted the blog and revealed he took it during his deployment to Iceland in the 1970s, a period of reduced tension known as detente.

“Generally, we did these barrel rolls at the request of the Soviet crew members. They photographed us as well. The Cold War was winding down and the attitudes on both sides had improved,” Sihler said.

When asked whether he considered the barrel roll a difficult or an unsafe maneuver, Sihler replied frankly: “Not really! The Soviets, at the time, gave us hand signals asking us to ‘perform’ for them. The rolls were not dangerous at all.”

The mood surrounding Russia and the US has recently been quite different, with both sides complaining about the other’s conduct over Syria. This week the Russian Defense Ministry accused the US of trying to interfere with Russian bombing missions and thus defending terrorists. The accusation came in response to controversial remarks from a US Air Force spokesman, who claimed that “unsafe behavior” by Russian pilots may prompt the Americans to shoot the Russian warplanes down.

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Flynn investigation PROVES once and for all that the FBI has been transformed into a Soviet-style secret police force

Image: Flynn investigation PROVES once and for all that the FBI has been transformed into a Soviet-style secret police force

(Natural News)
If in fact former Trump national security advisor Michael Flynn did lie to an FBI agent as he pleaded guilty to doing last week, then that’s on him: There was no reason for him to do so because he hadn’t done anything illegal or even improper.

But because the agent he lied to — Peter Strzok — has since been removed from special counsel Robert Mueller’s staff for being a pro-Hillary Clinton hack, Flynn’s admission and, indeed, the entire reason why he was questioned about his conversations with a Russian diplomat in the first place, go a long way towards proving without a doubt just how corrupt and politicized the FBI has become.

In other words, the FBI has been transformed into the kind of political secret police force that used to terrorize Soviet citizens: The KGB.

That’s a very strong statement to make, but believe me when I tell you I do not make it lightly. (Related: Mueller’s entire “Russian collusion” probe of Team Trump is a politically motivated SCAM and must be shut down.)

Consider all that we’ve learned in recent weeks regarding just this one agent, Strzok:

— Though Flynn was charged with lying to the FBI, two of Hillary Clinton’s closest aides — Huma Abedin and Cheryl Mills — also made false statements to Strzok, denying that they knew anything about their boss’ email server. Emails from long before Strzok interviewed them both indicate that they did know, meaning they lied to the FBI. But they were never charged.

— He was fingered by the Justice Department’s inspector general for having exchanged “anti-Trump sentiments and other comments that appeared to favor [Hillary] Clinton” with FBI lawyer Lisa Page, with whom he was also having an extramarital affair.

— He was the lead investigator in the criminal probe of Hillary Clinton’s illegal mishandling of classified materials via her home-brew email server — crimes she most definitely committed, according to numerous legal experts but for which she was never even recommended for charges.

— He was also the one who softened language in a statement then-FBI Director James Comey read to the press in July 2016. The original language in Comey’s statement described Clinton’s behavior as “grossly negligent,” which is taken directly from the statute, to “extremely careless,” which has no legal weight.

— And again, let’s not forget that he was on Mueller’s staff and that Mueller is investigating Team Trump and the president himself as a special counsel for “collusion,” though that’s not even a violation of the law.

There are more examples of FBI malfeasance and politicization: Enter, once again, James Comey:

— During his July 2016 press conference to lay out the Clinton criminal investigation — which in and of itself was outside of standard FBI procedure to not publicly discuss an ongoing case — he laid out a list of criminal activities she had engaged in, but then refused to characterize the activities as criminal in nature (hence the Strzok language alteration). Comey was a career Justice Department and FBI official; he knew the statute that Clinton had violated. He knew that her behavior was “grossly negligent” (as he himself wrote in his first draft) but then permitted that language (taken directly from the criminal code) to be changed into something no one had ever heard of.

— We have also discovered that Comey was never going to recommend Clinton be charged in the first place. Reports earlier this year noted that Comey’s memo exonerating her months in advance, while the investigation was still underway. The drafting of the memo occurred even before Comey and FBI agents had interviewed Clinton herself.

In addition to the FBI, the Office of Special Counsel and the Justice Department have also been shown to be utterly corrupt.

“The agencies have, in the past, gone light on Democrats such as Hillary Clinton, but laid perjury traps for Trump officials like Flynn, who served as national security adviser for President Donald Trump for less than a month,” Lifezette reports.

J.D. Heyes is editor of The National Sentinel and a senior writer for Natural News and News Target.

Sources include:



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Finnish broadcaster under fire over fake Soviet ‘Battle Moose’ story


Finland’s national television and radio company Yle has come under heavy scrutiny for violating journalistic ethical guidelines for its notorious piece about “battle moose” the Red Army allegedly trained during WW2.

Finland’s Council for Mass Media (JSN) claimed national broadcaster Yle violated a number of paragraphs of the Journalist Ethical Rules when it published an article about the Soviet Union allegedly training “combat moose” to attack the enemy.

A review of the story revealed that Yle’s controversial article was based on an April Fool’s joke published in Russian media in 2010. Not only did Yle fail to make corresponding remarks about it in the text, as required by the ethical rules, but it also used manipulated images to illustrate the story.

The original joke article “Horned Cavalry” first appeared in the Russian magazine Popular Mechanics, which has a long tradition of publishing hilarious April Fool’s pieces.

The sham article, which glorified “battle moose” as the “unsung heroes” of the Finnish War, featured fake quotes by USSR leader Joseph Stalin, who “lauded” moose tamers for “having raised real Soviet animals,” as well as heavily photoshopped images of the magazine’s staff posing as Red Army men mounting a Degtyaryov machine gun on a moose’s horns. It also featured an obviously fake brochure on “The Use of Moose in Red Army Cavalry Units” modeled on the military literature of that time.

However, many people appeared to have fallen for the prank, as the article was subsequently heavily reprinted, with quotes from it regularly appearing in the Wikipedia article about moose. A museum in the Russian town of Lakhdenpokhya in the Republic of Karelia was even later found to sport “unique photographs of battle moose the Soviet Army trained for four years.”

This summer, Soviet battle moose became a hit in Finnish media, as a number of newspapers, including Iltalehti, followed Yle’s example and came up with their own breakthrough stories of the Red Army’s prowess in taming moose.

Although Yle later discovered the delusion, it failed to correct the factual errors in the original article in accordance with journalistic instructions. Also, the manipulated images were used without informing the public.

In reality, attempts to domesticate the moose were made as early as the 19th century by Russian zoologist and explorer Alexander von Middendorff. In the Soviet Union, Pyotr Manteufel repeated attempts to tame the moose in the 1930s. After the war, the idea of domesticating the moose was pursued again, with the focus on agricultural use. In 1949, a moose farm was launched in the Komi Republic in northern Russia. In the 1960s, yet another moose farm was established in Kostroma Region. Both of them still keep herds, primarily for milk production and harvesting antler velvet and are open to the public.

Contrary to popular myth, the large and sturdy moose don’t take to being ridden. Which is why the famous photograph of US President Theodore Roosevelt allegedly riding a bull moose, a symbol of the Progressive Party, is also a fake.

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Why has a Cold War-era Soviet submarine surfaced in England’s River Medway? (VIDEO)

Built in 1967, Black Widow saw active service with the Russian Baltic Fleet at the height of the Cold War. Although modest compared to Russia’s latest Project 885 Yasen-class nuclear submarine, the U-475 was pretty formidable in its day, armed with 22 nuclear tipped warheads and 53 explosive mines.

But how did this cold warrior, built during the shoe-thumping premiership of Nikita Khrushchev, end up moored, of all places, in Rochester?

Known to the West by its NATO reporting name ‘Foxtrot,’ the sub is one of four that were sold off by the Russian navy in 1994. Brought to the UK by a private investor and initially opened as a museum, first near the Thames Barrier, then in 1999 at Folkston harbor, Black Widow is now undergoing major refurbishment on the River Medway.

“All this work you see going on, the restoration, we’re trying to do it sympathetically, correctly, and do a nice paint job on it so that we can find a location to move it to, to exhibit it again so that the general public can get on and see a bit of Cold War history,” restoration manager John Sutton told RT, atop the metal hulk.

“It’s unique. In the UK there’s nothing like it, nothing from the Cold War that can match it, from the Russian navy itself.”

A crew of 70-80 seamen would have spent three months per voyage aboard Black Widow stalking their opponents at sea, at a time when tensions between the superpowers threatened all out nuclear war.

“These people would have felt it so much more, because they knew they were either shadowing somebody or being shadowed by somebody, NATO forces would have been following them or they would have been following NATO forces. It would have been probably tense most of the time,” said Sutton.

“Sure, they had their down time when they would have come to the surface and jumped in the sea for a swim around. But for the majority of the time they were on duty 24 hours a day. This isn’t a toy. This is a war machine.”

Black Widow now has many more practical uses than menacing NATO. She’s open to hire for photoshoots and educational outings, music videos and even feature films. Adventure thriller Black Sea, starring Jude Law, was filmed on board in 2013 and a post-apocalyptic black comedy called The Fitzroy was shot here in 2012.

“You would think it’s only people interested in military things, but it’s not. It appeals to everyone,” said Sutton.

Three other submarines just like her, in various states of repair, can be found in Zeebrugge in Belgium, Long Beach, California, and San Diego maritime museum. One that is still owned by the Russians is held at the Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad.

“It’s uncomfortable and claustrophobic and it’s a certain type of person that would want to go and live on it,” Sutton admits. True, but that hasn’t put off those tourists drawn to a bit Soviet kitsch. And once she’s restored to her former glory, Black Widow will be reopened as an educational facility. The question is: where?

“We’re looking at different locations, we’ve actually had enquiries from Germany, but we’re looking for somewhere around London or into a city type environment where we have the right size population that would appreciate it.”

So what about Britain’s naval towns Portsmouth, Plymouth or Glasgow? Or its historic shipyards in Liverpool, Newcastle or Belfast?

“You’d be surprised, they’re all full up – they’re either full up or they’ve been developed, so they don’t want submarines outside their windows in the marina, they want nice, flashy marina boats, gin palaces. But I’m sure there’s a place somewhere in the UK that would appreciate it.”

Got somewhere to berth a 302 ft killing machine? If so, they want to hear from you.

By Rob Edwards, RT

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Senior Crimean lawmaker backs canceling Soviet decree which gave region to Ukraine

This idea has the right to live and probably we should implement it, simply for moral satisfaction, but Western nations would not see such a step on our part as a reason to stop their political games and rhetoric around Crimea,” Remzi Ilyasov told RIA Novosti.

The lawmaker noted, however, that in his view the fact that Crimea is now a part of the Russian Federation did not need to be proven to anybody. “This is a reality that cannot be discussed,” he said, adding that he saw the most important current objective as overcoming economic sanctions imposed on Crimean companies and officials by Western nations.

Ilyasov’s statement followed a statement by State Duma MP Konstantin Zatulin, who said earlier this week that Russia should repeal the 1954 decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, under which Crimea was made part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Soviet officials backed the move based on the territorial proximity and economic ties between the Crimean Region and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

The Crimean Republic reunited with the Russian Federation in spring 2014 after over 96 percent of its residents, the majority of whom are ethnic Russians, approved the move in a snap referendum. The decision was prompted by the ouster of the democratically-elected president of Ukraine in a violent coup in Kiev and the installation of a nationalist-backed government that almost immediately declared war on the pro-Russian regions in the country’s southeast, which refused to recognize the newly-imposed regime.

Public opinion polls conducted in Crimea have consistently shown that about 90 percent of the republic’s residents have positive feelings about the reunification with Russia and would vote for it again if given such a chance.

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Sex Assaults Pretext for Soviet-Style Purge?


October 14, 2017


And since 1/3 of all American men have brushed with domestic disputes/issues/complaints/difficulty, it’s literally a “turkey shoot” on the American male. The problem is, the Illuminati Freemasons will only use these arrests against their political enemies. For example, they have really hated Oliver Stone for decades, because he mercilessly exposed and attacked them in his films such as JFK, Platoon, Wall Street, Born on the Fourth of July, Nixon, Salvador, World Trade Center, W., South of the Border, and Snowden, he finds himself (as of today) under investigation (and possibly arrest) for sexual assault for some stupid incident that happened back in 1991. 
A list of these “dissenters” has been compiled by the Department of Defense/Pentagon over the past two decades using email, text, voicemail, phone call, facsimile, personal eavesdropping, internet, and social media data and communication, to determine once and for all, if that individual is either a “friend” to the New World Order, or in fact a problem and a thorn in their side, set to be eliminated, just like Stalin did. 
Harvey Weinstein, even though a fabulously wealthy and powerful Jewish man, was thrown under the bus and sacrificed, just like the Illuminati Freemasons sacrificed Jews in the German Holocaust, because frankly, they are not Jewish, nor do they consider themselves real Jews. They are Occultists, Luciferians, who believe that they are in fact personifications of God on Earth, left to their own devices, henceforth their motto “Deus Meumque Jus,” or “God is according to my right thereto.” 

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Stanislav Petrov: Soviet Officer Who Averted Nuclear War Dies at Age 77

Stanislav Petrov: Soviet Officer Who Averted Nuclear War Dies at Age 77

September 18th, 2017

I’m amazed by how few people are aware of this incident. It makes for great dinner time conversation!

Via: Russia Today:

A Soviet officer who prevented a nuclear crisis between the US and the USSR and possible World War III in the 1980s has quietly passed away. He was 77. In 2010 RT spoke to Stanislav Petrov, who never considered himself a hero. We look at the life of the man who saved the world.




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Secret CIA docs reveal what US intel worried most about Soviet Navy capabilities


The Central Intelligence Agency has released some 2,000 pages of formerly classified materials on the Soviet Navy during the Cold War. Military observer Andrei Kotz takes a look at some of the most fascinating conclusions Western intelligence analysts reached about the Soviet Navy’s presumed strengths and weaknesses.

The trove of documents, encompassing 82 reports spanning three decades, from the 1960s to the 1980s, includes everything from translations of materials from ‘Military Thought’, a Soviet military journal, to high-level US national intelligence estimates of Soviet naval power, to agency reports focused on subs, carriers, cruise missiles, and more.

The documents confirm that the US military leadership saw the Soviet Navy as a serious threat to US naval hegemony, and that they allocated generous funding to intelligence studies on the subject. The materials touched on practically all aspects of Soviet naval military thought, from the characteristics of its ship-based anti-aircraft missile systems, to the tactical configuration of submarine strike groups.

RIA Novosti military observer Andrei Kotz decided to take a look at some of the most interesting conclusions reached by the CIA analysts.

Soviet Aircraft Carriers: Inklings of an Ocean-going Navy

In the early 1970s, the Soviet Union began fielding its first ships capable of operating fixed-wing combat aircraft. These were the Project 1143 Kiev-class designs, the upgraded Project 1143.5 version of which would go on to become the Kuznetsov-class.

The lead ship of the Kiev-class, the Kiev, was launched in December 1972, and commissioned in December 1975. These massive 45,000 ton aircraft-carrying cruisers were fitted with Yak-38 vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) fighters, and what was then the latest in anti-submarine warfare, air defense, cruise missiles, close-in weapons, and 3D air search radar capabilities.

US analysts concluded that Project 1143 class ships, while not a threat to the US aircraft carrier advantage, did pose a direct danger to NATO hegemony in the Atlantic.

A November 1973 report titled ‘Soviet Naval Shipbuilding Programs: Impact on Major Surface Forces’ concluded that the USSR had about a dozen major surface vessels under construction, including two carriers, four frigates, at least seven destroyers, and probably a few ocean escorts.


The CIA noted that along with modernization, those construction programs were expected to “provide significant qualitative improvements in the major surface forces over the next few years. The V/STOL aircraft carriers will give the Soviet Navy an entirely new capability for the employment of sea-based air power.” This includes new capabilities for aircraft reconnaissance and air-based ship defense, giving the Soviet Navy new confidence in operating far from its home shores.

Soviet Submarines: Danger to US Carrier Groups

By the early 1970s, the Soviet Union had successfully renewed its submarine fleet. In a 40-page document entitled ‘The Soviet Attack Submarine Force: Evolution and Operations’, the CIA outlined the capabilities of the USSR’s submarine fleet, its tactics and operations. Authors put special focus on the outcome of a possible confrontation between Soviet submarines and US carrier groups.

“The Soviets view the submarine as their primary naval weapon system,” the report reads. “The Soviet Navy now has some 335 submarines, the largest submarine fleet in the world. About 55 of these have a strategic strike mission. The remainder – some 280 attack submarines – is the principal force for strategic defense against Polaris ballistic missile submarines, for countering [enemy] aircraft carriers, and for interdicting sea lines of communication. The attack submarine force is also an important contributor to ocean surveillance.”


CIA analysts anxiously explained that Soviet attack submarines’ numbers, armament and speed gave them the opportunity to “stalk and attack the US carrier force at sea. There are currently about 54 first line cruise missile submarines (all but 16 are nuclear powered) and the number is increasing by two to three per year. The number of US attack carriers, about 14, presents the Soviets with the opportunity for concentrating the operations of several submarines on each US carrier.”

Finally, according to the report, the newest Soviet cruise missile-armed submarines presented US carriers with a particular “complex defensive problem,” with the 250 nautical mile range of the Soviet SS-N-3 nuclear-capable cruise missile (Soviet designation P-5 Pyatyorka) giving the Soviets “some 200,000 square nautical miles from which to launch.” US analysts were particularly concerned by Soviet tactical capabilities to conduct coordinated surprise raids on US carriers, using a combination of multiple submarines and aircraft. This was of particular concern to the US in the Mediterranean, but less so in the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans. The CIA concluded that the Soviet Navy would be most likely to attack those carrier group targets closest to the Soviet Union in the event of war.

Soviet Cruise Missile Capabilities

The document dump made clear that US intelligence was extremely concerned by the potential of Soviet cruise missiles. Reports on the subject include ‘The Soviet Naval Cruise Missile Force: Development and Operational Employment’, a 1971 primer on what this class of weapon gave the Soviet Navy.

Among the “at least seven classes” of Soviet cruise missiles estimated to be deployed were over-the-horizon long range weapons which the CIA said allowed for “greater tactical flexibility” for ships and patrol craft equipped with these weapons. The “new AS-6 missile,” Soviet designation KSR-5 Raduga, launched from Soviet Tu-16 strategic bombers, was of particular concern to analysts. “The AS-6 has a top speed of Mach 3, which is about twice as fast as carrier naval air-to-surface missiles, and has a maximum range of 300 nautical miles, which is more than double that of its best predecessor,” the report noted.


A separate 1972 study, called ‘Soviet Capabilities to Counter US Aircraft Carriers’, concluded that “the Soviets considered the antiship cruise missile a revolutionary weapon making the aircraft carrier obsolete.” It added that in addition to their 286 attack subs, the Soviets had over 600 bomber and reconnaissance aircraft, 275 of them armed with air-to-surface missiles, and significant surface ship forces and coastal launchers, equipped with about 915 and 420 launchers, respectively.

Soviet Naval Aviation: No Pushover

One particularly interesting assessment from 1979, called ‘Naval Aviation in Soviet Antiship Attack Planning’, is curious for the fact that nearly 40 years later, much of it remains classified. The readable section of the report concludes that notwithstanding US superiority in carriers and naval-based aviation, the US military assessed the threat posed by Soviet naval pilots as very serious.

That report pays special focus to the Tu-22M Backfire supersonic strategic and maritime strike bomber, which began deployment in the 1970s. The study noted that the bomber’s range and speed would make Western naval sea control and power-projection forces vulnerable in conventional and theater nuclear war scenarios in the Mediterranean, the Pacific, the Atlantic, and elsewhere. It concluded that the success or failure of Soviet naval aviation operations would depend on the degree of coordination, surveillance of their intended targets, and survivability amid encounters with Western air defenses, whose effectiveness would also depend on their coordination.

Sergei Gorshkov: The Admiral Who Transformed the Soviet Navy

In its supplementary booklet dedicated to the declassified archive of documents, the CIA devoted a special chapter to Admiral Sergei Gorshkov, and the major role he played in transforming the Soviet Navy. The naval commander, who became head of the Navy in 1956, served as commander in chief until 1985, during which time he would transform it beyond recognition.

Summarizing his achievements, the CIA wrote that “the story of Admiral Gorshkov is very nearly the story of the Soviet Navy for the thirty years he served as Commander-in-Chief. His lengthy tenure…was a tribute both to his professional naval expertise and, perhaps more important in Moscow, his bureaucratic skill navigating through the hazards of the changing attitudes of the national and party leadership. In retrospect it seems clear Admiral Gorshkov never lost sight of his goal of creating a world class navy operating proudly on all the world’s oceans.”


Indeed, under Gorshkov, for the first time in its history, the USSR achieved the capability to operate far from its shores, with some 170 warships operating in the world’s oceans. Secondly, the admiral presided over the creation of the submarine-based leg of the Soviet nuclear triad, featuring some 62 modern ICBM carriers, including the fearsome Akula (Typhoon-class) sub. Finally, Gorshkov shifted the focus of the Navy from submarines and coastal defense to the creation of a truly ‘balanced fleet’, “i.e., a fleet for open ocean operations and a broad array of contingencies,” including the creation of the USSR’s first carriers.

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