EPA proposes change to cost benefit analysis with major potential to reduce regulation

Donald Trump ran on a campaign promise to “get rid of” the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). There was even a bill introduced, H.R. 861, which states in its entirety:

The Environmental Protection Agency shall terminate on December 31, 2018.”

That bill won’t make it to a vote but serves mainly to generate talking points. It certainly indicates the direction some legislators would like to go. Much of the talk focuses on Trump’s EPA budget proposal for 2019 (pdf), which aims to cut EPA’s budget 23% (from $8.7 billion to $6.1 billion). It would also slash headcount to 12,250 from the current level of 15,408 (if you believe EPA) or 14,140 (if you credit numbers being circulated by the EPA union, the American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE).

To put this in perspective: the EPA budget is 0.1% of the total Federal budget in 2018. So the problem some people have with the EPA isn’t what it costs to operate the agency with the mission to ensure we have clean water, healthy air, and proper waste management. The problem is that the regulations are perceived as too burdensome.

In that context, a new threat bigger than budget cuts and brain drains has now become apparent. A Notice of Proposed Rulemaking just published seeks input on changes to how the EPA calculates the costs and benefits of their regulations. This suggests that while Trump may not get rid of the EPA (which turns out to be not so easy), but the agency could end up losing the power to get regulations passed.

To understand what is at stake, it is important to know that the government has controls in place to evaluate and balance the burden of regulations on businesses with the benefits – the cost-benefit analysis requirement. In order to pass new regulations, the EPA must show that the cost of the regulation is lower than the benefits.

Currently, the EPA considers ALL of the benefits of a regulation. This may include so-called co-benefits, which are advantages that may not related specifically to the contaminant(s) being regulated but will still contribute gains for human health or the environment or economy.

For example, when the EPA sought to set limits on sulfur emissions to stop acid rain, it was clear that removing sulfur from the emissions would also significantly decrease the release of fine particulate matter, which can get into people’s lungs and is a well known contributor to early deaths. Rather than regulate the particulate separately, EPA recognizes the two-for-the-price-of-one gains in the sulfur rule and the benefits calculated show a tremendous gain over the costs of installing sulfur scrubbers to clean up the air.

The proposal suggests that including co-benefits in cost-benefit calculations should not be allowed. If this change is implemented, it will significantly curtail the ability of the agency to accurately assess the full benefits gained when industry responds to a new regulation.

Of course, there is the opposing viewpoint as well. Read the Wall Street Journal’s editorial for an opinion suggesting that EPA has been rigging the numbers to support regulations.

Regardless of which side of the argument you take, the time to make your voice heard is now. Until the 13th of July, EPA will accept comments on this proposal. The proposal and process comments are found in the Federal Register. Or if you don’t know enough to weigh in constructively yourself, look for comments being supported by your local environmental organization or business bureau and sign your weight onto their comments.

Source Article from https://www.treehugger.com/environmental-policy/epa-proposes-change-cost-benefit-analysis-major-potential-reduce-regulation.html

Potential virus carrying exotic tick species discovered in New Jersey

East Asian tick on sheep in New Jersey

    

A tiny parasite could become a big problem this year in New Jersey.

It’s an exotic tick that’s never been seen before in the United States. It was first spotted on a sheep in Hunterdon County, and efforts to wipe it out have failed.

New Jersey has always been home to different species of ticks – five to be exact. But a new variety of the bloodsucking bug is now in the mix.

It’s the East Asian tick, sometimes called a longhorned or bush tick. Originally found in Asia, thousands of them are now in the Garden State.

Their discovery started with a call.

“A phone call from a resident in Hunterdon County that her sheep was infested with a lot of ticks. She brought some in and, low and behold, she was also covered in the same ticks,” research microbiologist James Occi said. “It was kind of an odd looking thing. She didn’t know what it was, she had never seen them before.”

Occi works with entomologists at Rutgers University who tested the ticks. He said steps were taken to kill them, but just a few days ago he used carbon dioxide traps and found a number of the pests survived.

That’s a problem, because like the deer ticks that spread Lyme disease, East Asian ticks have been known to spread a deadly virus called SFTS.

“It has the potential. That’s why we’re worried,” said Occi.

Residents who Finch spoke with said it’s alarming to think they have something new to worry about when they head outdoors.

“There’s enough things you have to worry about. So hearing about new things that could potentially jeopardize the health of your home is something to be concerned about,” Hoboken resident Laurena Morris said.

“My biggest concern is that my dog would bring it home and somehow my son would get it,” said Caitlin Dibetta.

“More work has to be done to keep these out and find ways when they are introduced, to find natural predators to eliminate them,” Steve Maikowski said.

Scientists will treat the affected farm with pesticide this week in hopes of eliminating the exotic pests. How the ticks made it to New Jersey in the first place is still a mystery.

Tests done on ticks found in November did not reveal any tick-borne diseases. The ticks collected a few days ago are being tested now.

Source Article from https://www.sott.net/article/383746-Potential-virus-carrying-exotic-tick-species-discovered-in-New-Jersey

Goldman Sachs Signals Potential Crash, Tells Clients to “Hedge What You’re Afraid Of”

goldmangoldman

It’s time to start hedging.

(ZH) — That is the warning to clients from the latest report by Goldman’s derivative strategists John Marshall and Katherine Fogerty, who caution that in the aftermath of the February VIX spike, as volatility increases “so do returns from time invested in hedging strategies increase.”

As a result, Goldman has laid out a comprehensive framework for “identifying efficient portfolio hedges in the options market” focusing on methods that add alpha even as they reduce hedge costs and increase potential returns.

The main catalyst for the bank’s shift in outlook is the expectation that increases in realized volatility will force vol-targeting funds to adjust gross and net exposure, and lever appropriately, as well as have direct effects on the calculation of risk in a variety of equity portfolios (when volatility rises, position sizes need to decrease to maintain the same dollar-volatility risk). This is especially relevant for massive, risk-parity books, where the act of deleveraging itself can be destabilizing for risk. Goldman explains:

The spike in VIX and realized volatility was large enough for investors outside the equity market to take notice and could lead to a reduction in risk-taking appetite on the margin in the coming months. It was yet another symptom of the market fragility created by lower liquidity. We believe that a shift towards risk reduction and expectation of higher volatility is likely to change the trading dynamics in 2018 and increase the value of time spent on hedging.

Here a concerning observation by the Goldman strategists is that according to the latest open interest data, “a large number of S&P 500 hedges have expired over the past three weeks, leaving the average investor less hedged.” Which means that a whole new set of downside hedges will be put on, in the process pressuring risk further, if only temporarily.

So how should investors approach hedging?

Goldman provides a handy checklist of the hedging process which, naturally, begins with “Hedging what you Fear“, which is also the focus of this particular report which looks at seven discrete factors “weighing on investors minds” including:

  • Credit Risk
  • Rate/Inflation Risk
  • Oil Risk
  • US Market Risk
  • US Cyclical Risk
  • China Risk
  • Europe Risk

This is laid out schematically below.

In the context of the 7 explicit risks listed above, Goldman urges to hedge any/all of the specific factors that could be subject to high volatility or drawdown risk.

With this method, investors have the potential to add alpha during the hedging process by choosing to protect against moves in select factors while remaining exposed to others. The emphasis of this method is assessing the efficiency of the hedge relative to the factor sensitivity rather than portfolio sensitivity. In some cases, a portfolio may already be positioned for a factor move (like higher rates), and the hedge may be positioned in the same direction (puts on treasuries) to capture not only the linear move but also the asymmetric returns associated with buying options that under-price that risk.

In addition to hedging prevailing risks, or “what you are afraid of”, the bank also observes that investors should also hedge i) what they own; ii) where the risk is greatest; and iii) large vs small drawdowns.

  • Hedge what you own: Hedging with instruments that have high correlation (low tracking error) to a portfolio provides the most reliable hedge in a wide range of adverse scenarios. This is typically the best approach when you  have a view on the timing of a sell-off, but lack a strong view on which factor is likely to drive an increase in volatility. A hedged portfolio allows one to capture the upside part of the return distribution while limiting downside. This approach requires careful analysis of the major drivers of the specific portfolio’s returns and constructing a hedge that is most efficient based on current options prices. The downside to this hedging strategy is that it also hedges your alpha. Typically investors buy specific stocks and factors they expect to have asymmetric upside; by hedging these same factors, they erode the outperformance benefits if they are correct.
  • Hedge when the risk is greatest: Timing the implementation of hedges is one of the most challenging aspects of the process. Timing can be improved by tracking risk metrics that relate to the probability of increased volatility or drawdowns. Likewise, careful attention to the calendar of events and recent volatility on those events can add value. Many investors choose to forgo the alpha from timing hedges and develop low cost hedges to allow for constant protection through time.
  • Hedging large drawdowns vs small drawdowns: Hedging against extreme events often requires a different process than hedging against more moderate volatility. Large drawdowns necessarily have a lower probability of occurring than small drawdowns and are often driven by non-linear processes that require different modeling techniques. Careful assessment of the probabilities priced into options strikes of different strikes, terms and across assets can provide increased flexibility for efficiently hedging tail risk.

The whole point of the exercise is to to identifying optimal hedges, which Goldman does by analyzing hedging options around the major market risks list above.

In each case (except Credit), Goldman calculates the beta of each asset to the risk factor over the past 3 years and identify the stocks, ETFs or Indexes that have the lowest options prices in the context of its beta to the specific factor. This method focuses on the day-to-day sensitivity of the asset to the risk factor rather than optimizing on particular periods through history which may or may not be comparable. Here is a summary breakdown of the bank’s findings:

Goldman next focuses on four main themes across key category hedges including i) Credit Risk, ii) Rate Risk; iii) Oil Risk; and iv) Broad market beta risk. We start at the top.

Hedging Theme #1: Credit Risk

The credit market is one of the major areas we watch for early signs of a broad increase in market risk. Over the past two months, perceptions of risk across the credit markets– as measured by spreads the IG and HY CDS indices (i.e. CDX) – have increased from historically low levels. At the single name level, however, we have seen more dispersion, with a small number of credits in the index trading materially wider over the past year. We are carefully watching three areas as we assess whether investors should be concerned about credit volatility spilling over into the equity market. Of the 36 credits in CDX HY series 30 (June-23 contracts) that are wider over the past year, 10 are media/cable/telecom names, 8 are retail/consumer, and 6 are energy.

  • Retail: Retailer credits widened materially throughout the early part of 2017 on the back of a weak 2016 holiday period, mostly led by apparel/department stores, but improved in the latter part of the year as 2017 holiday results improved from the prior year. On average, the retail/consumer names in the HY index are 137bp wider over the past year.
  • Energy: Over the last twelve months, energy CDS names tightened ~30bps on average, despite several names trading meaningfully wider (PKD, WFT). However, the aggregate performance has weakened across the group in recent months despite commodity prices near the three-year high.
  • Telecom: The cable/telecom/cable names have been among the weakest performing credits in the index over the past year. The move wider has been primarily driven by the RLECs, but spreads have widened in media and cable as well. On average, the cable/telecom/media names are ~280bps wider over the past year.

We are carefully watching these areas as we assess whether investors should be concerned about credit volatility spilling over into the equity market. We assess where equity options prices are attractive on the widest names to understand where investors may be able to source more efficient hedges with equity puts.

Hedging Theme #2: Rate Risk

Investors have been focused on the potential for an increase in interest rates for the past several years. Despite these risks, options prices on rates dropped rapidly during 2017 to reach multi-decade low and have only modestly risen in 2018. With so many investors long US bonds both domestically and internationally, investors are increasingly asking us about the potential for a near-term shift in inflation expectations (and rate expectations) to accelerate into a positioning driven sell-off in bonds. We focus on the equities with the greatest beta and correlation to Treasuries over the past three years. Each of the highlight hedging opportunities have a greater than 1.0 beta to 10 year Treasuries and a greater than 20% correlation. We focus on the names with the lowest beta adjusted implied volatility to identify the most attractive equity options to hedge this risk.

Hedging Theme #3: Oil Risk

The price of oil is a key driver of many sectors of the economy. Beyond its obvious impact on energy companies it has implications for consumer companies given its correlation with input costs. While our commodities team is broadly bullish on commodities in the context of strong global growth expectations, the potential for volatility always exists. Below, we identify the assets which have exhibited the highest beta to WTI oil relative to their implied volatility (after screening for stocks with higher than 50% correlation to the oil price). We find only a modest correlation between the beta to oil and implied volatility, suggesting significant opportunity to outperform for investors that expect oil to become more volatile.

Hedging Theme #4: Broad Market Beta Risk (US, Cyclicals, China, Europe)

Often the best hedge in a market sell-off is a put on a high-beta asset with a high correlation to the market. We screen for stocks that are highly correlated with four major types of beta (US Equities, US Cyclicals vs Defensives, China and Europe) to identify the most attractive hedges for each. Below, we estimate the relationship between the beta and implied volatility for each factor and determine which stocks/ETFs have the least expensive options relative to their sensitivity to the factor.

Where is the market focused on risk? There is often a strong correlation between the cost of hedges and the beta of each asset. The correlation of options pricing provides clues as to the focus of the market. Options prices across stocks are most closely related to US Cyclical Risk (R-squared of 61%) and correlated with US Market Beta (37%). China Risk and European Risk appear to be less of a focus this week although China risk was a bigger focus last week.

What is the most attractive hedge across global indexes? Across major indexes, Eurostoxx 50 (SX5E) options consistently screen as attractive relative to its beta to major risk factors (US Market, US Cyclical, China and Europe).



Source Article from http://thefreethoughtproject.com/goldman-sachs-warns-investors-prepare-worst/

Ketamine being considered as a potential new treatment for depression


Image: Ketamine being considered as a potential new treatment for depression

(Natural News)
In an effort to look for new forms of treatment for the seemingly worsening problem of depression and mental illness in the country, a group of researchers have come up with a potential solution: none other than ketamine, a known synthetic compound that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic drug. It has been described by some researchers as “the most important discovery in half a century,” and now it’s the subject of a comprehensive review in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

What’s so special about ketamine? Although it has known medicinal uses, it’s more commonly known as a party drug. And its reputation hasn’t been built up for nothing. As of today, it’s being studied by experts in laboratories for its potential as a quick form of depression treatment.

In people who have depression, access to an effective and fast-acting form of treatment is highly important. And yet this doesn’t seem to be available for many people who are suffering from the potentially fatal disease.

According to Cristina Cusin, a psychiatrist from the Massachusetts General Hospital and an assistant professor at Harvard University, having depression is kind of like being a patient in the emergency room and being told that you need to wait for weeks before being treated for your urgent medical concern.

“Imagine arriving in the emergency room with severe pain from a kidney stone – pain so bad that you can’t think. You’ll do anything to make it go away,” she explained. “And the doctors say, ‘here’s a drug that we’ve been using for 30 years, it works 5o to 60 percent of the time, and it should start to work in four to six weeks’. The sad reality is that, for people who are suicidal, “that’s the best we can do.”

And that mention of decades-long drugs that are still in use today? It’s not a joke. Cusin’s primary objective with the large new review that she co-authored is to help shed the light on the need for new treatments. She seems very optimistic about the findings in their paper, but at the same time, advises caution.

“We are just scratching the surface of the mechanisms of action with ketamine,” she said. (Related: Getting high helps depression? Researchers suggest using ketamine, nitrous oxide for mental health).

Cusin and her co-authors aren’t the first to look for potential new forms of treatment for people with depression. A report on the review that she co-authored noted that physicians and psychiatrists have been giving out pretty much the exact same drugs to people with depression for the past few decades, so a need for new alternatives is readily apparent.

Some of the unfortunate side effects of using antidepressants to treat depression are unexpected weight gain, reduced sexual drive, anxiety, and insomnia.

According to Cusin’s team, ketamine could well be the most effective new solution that’s available today. “The findings were unanticipated, especially the robustness and rapidity of benefit,” they remarked in their study. “Ketamine appeared to directly target core depressive symptoms such as sad mood, suicidality, helplessness and worthlessness, rather than inducing a nonspecific mood-elevating effect.”

What’s needed now is additional research to find out what, if any, the long-term effects of using ketamine are.

Sources include:

BusinessInsider.com

NCBI.NLM.NIH.gov

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Source Article from http://www.naturalnews.com/2018-04-02-ketamine-being-considered-as-potential-new-treatment-for-depression.html

Israeli Ministry Sets Sights on Millions of ‘Potential Jews’ to Improve Country’s Image and Fight BDS

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Source Article from https://theuglytruth.wordpress.com/2018/03/28/israeli-ministry-sets-sights-on-millions-of-potential-jews-to-improve-countrys-image-and-fight-bds/

Women Fined $100,000, Face Potential Jail Time, Just for Braiding Hair

hairhair

In the state of Tennessee, braiding hair without first paying thousands of dollars and attending hundreds of hours of courses can and will get you hit with thousands of dollars in fines. If you do not pay these fines, rest assured that you can and will be thrown in jail. What’s more, as the case below illustrates, even if you have a license, you are still not immune from the fines.

Fatou Diouf has been braiding hair for her entire life. She became so good at it that she jumped through all the legal hoops, sat through hundreds of hours of needless classes, and paid thousands of dollars so she could finally turn this passion into a career.

“I never did any other job but hair braiding my whole life,” Diouf told the Institute for Justice. “I cannot recall a time when I did not know how.”

However, because the state is dependent on revenue it generates from citizens—via taxation or extortion—the Tennessee government has begun cracking down on hair braiders.

As the IJ reports, in recent years, Tennessee has forced Fatou to pay a staggering $16,000 in fines, simply because she employed workers who did not have a government license to braid hair. Nor is she alone. After examining meeting minutes and disciplinary actions for the Tennessee Board of Cosmetology and Barber Examiners, the Institute for Justice has identified nearly $100,000 in fines levied against dozens of braiders and more than 30 different natural hair shops and salons since 2009.

All of those violations were for unlicensed braiding; none were triggered by any health or sanitation violation.

Normally, the state would only target unlicensed braiders who dared to make a living out of their homes without first paying the government for permission. However, they are now targetting folks like Fatou who allow braiders to work in their establishments without first paying the government.

It’s not as easy as simply paying the government for the privilege of braiding hair either. In order not to be fined thousands of dollars by the state for braiding hair, you must attend and complete a course that is at least 300 hours long and costs anywhere between $1,500 and $5,000 for tuition.

With her years of experience, completing the classes required for a state license was “mostly a waste of my time,” Fatou recalled, according to the IJ. “We don’t need 300 hours to know how to wash a clip or a comb.”

To illustrate the ridiculous nature of such a course to braid hair, consider the fact that, in some instances, less training is required to be a police officer in the state as they only need 500 hours while some of the cosmetology courses are upwards of 1,000 hours.

The extortion has become such a problem that even some lawmakers are speaking out and proposing legislation to end it. “By deregulating natural hair training people could open up their own business without a natural hairstyle license,” Rep. Antonio Parkinson of Memphis said of TN House Bill 1809, proposed by The Department of Commerce and Insurance that deregulates the natural hair industry.

As the IJ reports:

Even more ironically, some of the bill’s loudest opponents have actually come from licensed natural hair stylists, who claim the license is necessary to protect the public.

Yet according to testimony by McCormack, there have been only two health and safety complaints against natural hair stylists since 2010. In fact, the Department has “opened more than 200 administrative complaints for unlicensed activity where we have seen no sanitation violations,” he said. “That’s actually more than we have licensees currently with the Department.”

Those findings are further borne out by a 2016 report from the Institute for Justice, which analyzed complaints filed against braiders in states that have a separate license for natural hair care. “Across seven years and 10 jurisdictions, just nine complaints with health and safety issues were received for unlicensed braiders,” the report concluded. “Further, none of the complaints alleging consumer harm were verified by licensing boards.”

Indeed, the entire premise of extorting people over hair braiding has nothing to do with actual safety and everything to do with generating revenue.

Source Article from http://thefreethoughtproject.com/hair-braiding-police-state-fines/

Fascinating New DNA Updates On The Potential Alien Body Found In Nazca, Peru



Next Story

Recently Nazca, Peru has become famous for those who like to peer into the world of unsolved mysteries. Take for example, the Nazca Lines, a series of large ancient geoglyphs ranging in size, with the largest being 1200 feet long. The world is full of interesting unsolved mysteries that question what we think we know about human history and new discoveries are constantly being made, many of which receive very little attention. This really goes to  show just how little we know of human history and how new discoveries show us that there are so many variables that we really need to take into consideration when contemplating our true origins. There are still many questions which remain unanswered.

A new discovery has been made in Nazca, Peru. If you haven’t already heard, multiple mummies have been unearthed, real organic bodies. Their anatomy is quite strange, and differs greatly from that of a human. The beings are humanoid and have three fingers and three toes on each hand. They also have a distinctly different shape of skull compared to modern-day humans and those who roamed the Earth before we did.

This is also interesting because three-fingered beings are depicted in ancient petroglyphic drawings that have been found in Peru.

Now, before we go any further, we have to address the ‘alien issue.’ When the news came out about these strange bodies being unearthed, Snopes instantly labelled the story as fake news, specifically because it contemplated the idea that they could be alien bodies. How does this make it fake news? They (Snopes) did not even acknowledge the fact that these were indeed real bodies, they simply ridiculed the story because it had an ‘alien’ tone to it. They also ridiculed the researchers involved, as what seemed to be an attempt to further discredit the story. As a result, many people believed that the bodies were not found at all, which is not true.

Secondly, is it really far off to contemplate that these beings could be alien? With all of the evidence and information that’s been released over the years regarding UFOs, and their potential extraterrestrial origin as well as various interpretations of ancient history, it’s really not at all that “out there” (no pun intended) to question. We will get to why later in the article.

But let’s get back to the bodies. One of them was named Maria, she’s a 5th century woman who predates the arrival of the Europeans to America. So far, scientists have shared their belief that she belonged to a race that was wiped from Earth due to some climate catastrophe, like a flood or a comet strike.

Maria isn’t the only one, scientists are also studying a mummy that is believed to have been nine-months old at the time of death, they have called it Vavita. Four other male mummies were also found.

Who are these scientists? One of them is Dr. Konstantin Korotkov, a professor of Computer Science and Biophysics at Saint-Petersburg Federal University of Informational Technologies, Mechanics and Optics. He is also a researcher at the Russian National Research University. He said, “We have a very important mission here in Peru. I came here because of this group of scientists, professionals, [and] journalists.” When they brought out the body and “pulled it out of the box, it was a stunned silence at first.” 

Another one is Natalya Zaloznaya, a radiologist and specialist in computer tomography at the International Biological Systems Institute. She was also in Peru collecting tissue samples to bring back to St. Petersburg for analysis.

Again, there are many. Below is another one pictured analyzing preliminary results which showed thatThis body is a real body, that was once alive. For example, here we have the teeth from the upper arch, and here are the ones from the lower arch. The skull with the remains of brain mass, this part here shows the lungs at the side. This is the heart, with the bronchus, and the great vessels, lungs at both sides. This is still the heart, and here are the four cavities, and the bronchi that are preserved.”

They also show the intestines and abdomen, and that the placement of the internal organs is “completely harmonious.”

So far it seems that “initial examinations suggest the possibility of a species unlike anything found in the fossil record.”

Early DNA results of the mummy, named “Maria,” show that she is female, and that the other bodies found alongside her, which look to be a spouse and a couple of children, are also real, biological bodies. Some of their organs are actually still intact. Further testing was done on one of the strangest aspects of these bodies, their fingers and toes, and has shown that these parts are not fake, ruling out any possibility of a hoax. They’re the same material, the same chemical composition, and the same DNA. The samples taken from Maria’s fingers matched the date of her body, which is approximately 249-411 AD. Carbon dating, and an analysis of the structure of the body via CT scan and X-ray, proved it was real.

New Updates

Researchers have now collected tissue samples in Peru and have brought them back to Russia to study. They’ve found that the mummies – with elongated heads and three fingers on each hand, actually have 23 chromosomes that appear to be human, but again, the bodies differ than that of human anatomy.

“Right now, we are making a detailed analysis to see if the shape of the position of all the chromosomes, of all the amino acids, coincides with ours,” 

The professor went on to emphasize to IB Times that,

“Each of the little mummies has two arms, two legs, a head, pair of eyes and a mouth. Tomographic scans reveal their skeletons. The tissue has biological nature and their chemical composition indicates that they are humans…Their DNA features 23 pairs of chromosomes, just like we have. All the four of them are males, each with a Y-chromosome.” 

He also made it a point to say that, “They appear human but they are not. Their anatomic structure is different. They could be extraterrestrials or bio robots.”

He also said that they could very well belong to an ancient Earth tribe, and we could be seeing a completely new species, one of many, that can be added to the mystery that is Earth’s history.

Where would these beings fit into the current story of human evolution? There are so many questions, missing links and more that really put our current theories into question.

X-ray and computer tomography also showed that Maria has a very different rib structure to that of humans. Keel-shaped in the upper part with a handful of semicircular ribs, the cage protects the creature’s internal organs, which also resemble those of humans.

“We clearly see the contours of the trachea and the bronchi, of the heart and its chambers; we can even see the shape of the valves. We can also see quite clearly the contours of the diaphragm, the liver and the spleen,” explains Zaloznaya, to RT News

Scientists also found Maria was embalmed in a cadmium chloride white powder, the antibacterial effect of which has preserved Maria to this day.

As you can see, DNA testing alone cannot really determine where these beings come from, and whether or not they originated on Earth. Most likely, they did, but it still doesn’t rule out the possibility that they are from another planet.

Back To The Alien Question

“They appear human but they are not. Their anatomic structure is different” said Korotkov.

There are some important points which give more credibility to this assumption, and the main one is the idea that we ourselves are the extraterrestrials, as Apollo 15 astronaut Al Worden stated in a recent interview,

“We are the aliens, but we just think they’re somebody else, but we’re the ones who came from somewhere else. Because somebody else had to survive, and they got in a little space craft and they came here and they landed and they started civilization here, that’s what I believe. And if you don’t believe me, go get books on the ancient Sumerians and see what they had to say about it, they’ll tell you right up front.”

His comments differ significantly from Dr. Edgar Mitchell’s,  who said he “happens to be privileged enough to be in on the fact that we are not alone on this plant ” and that we have “been visited many times.”

As far as humans coming from space, Worden is not the only one who has brought forth this theory.

Francis Crick Watson and Maurice Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology for Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.”

He was clearly a brilliant scientist who unfortunately, like many other brilliant minds who came up with theories that challenged the accepted frameworks at the time, wasn’t given much ‘press.’

In his book published in 1982, Life Itself, he argues that there is no possible way that the DNA molecule could have gotten its start here on Earth and that it had to have come here from somewhere else, off the planet.

According to Francis, we are the result of what is now known as Directed Panspermia. Crick and a British chemist, Leslie Orgel, published their paper on it in July of 1973.

Their theory explains that, “organisms were deliberately transmitted to earth by intelligent beings on another planet. We conclude that it is possible that life reached the earth in this way, but that the scientific evidence is inadequate at the present time to say anything about the probability. We draw attention to the kinds of evidence that might throw additional light on the topic.”  (source)

Another reason why it’s not so far-fetched to assume that these bodies discovered in Peru could be from another world is that modern-day encounters with supposed extraterrestrials lend belief to the idea that there are quite possibly, multiple humanoid races, some which are identical to human beings, traversing the universe. If this is true, perhaps our DNA would be quite similar, if not exactly the same, as them.

This is why, if we ever hear that these beings are a 99 percent DNA match, it does not negate the extraterrestrial hypothesis, even if it was 100 percent, it still doesn’t, despite the fact that there is also a good chance that these beings do and did originate on Earth.

Regardless of where they’re from, the finding is huge as we are looking at a species which has been completely left-out of the fossil record. It’s a completely new species.

To read more of our articles on the UFO/Extraterrestrial Phenomena, please click here.


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Boost your body’s regenerative potential with these healing foods and nutrients

Image: Boost your body’s regenerative potential with these healing foods and nutrients

(Natural News) Whether you’re in the pink of health or suffering from medical conditions, it’s best to read up on these foods and nutrients that can help regenerate body tissues.

When we’re healthy, the body’s default state is that of ceaseless regeneration. However, when we’re sick, regenerative processes are overcome by degenerative ones. During times like this, medicine can help the body regain balance through foods, herbs, and nutrients. But drug-based medicine often uses chemicals that do not have any regenerative potential. They might even disrupt the body’s ability to self-renew to suppress the symptoms that they are supposed to address. (Related: Will scientists soon be able to regrow organs and injured tissue in patients?)

Here are six bodily tissues and the natural ways that can help your body initiate the regeneration process:

  1. Beta cell regeneration — Medical experts are still looking into the “diabetes-reversing potential” of natural compounds. Despite the funding that goes into “stem cell therapies, islet cell transplants, and an array of synthetic drugs in the developmental pipeline,” the cure for type-one diabetes could be right in our backyards or kitchens. In theory, the restoration of beta cells can help diabetics eliminate the need for insulin replacement. These compounds have experimentally helped reconstruct beta-cells that produce insulin and are destroyed in patients with diabetes: arginine, avocado, berberine (found in bitter herbs like goldenseal and barberry), bitter melon, chard, corn silk, curcumin, Gymenna Sylvestre/miracle fruit (“the sugar destroyer”), Nigella Sativa/fennel flower (“black cumin”), stevia, sulforaphane (which can be found in broccoli sprouts), and vitamin D.
  2. Cardiac cell regeneration — Various studies have proven that cardiac tissue can also regenerate. Researchers have even discovered a class of heart-tissue regenerating compounds called neocardiogenic substances. These substances help form cardiac progenitor cells, which turn into healthy heart tissue. Neocardiogenic substances include N-acetyl-cysteine, Geum Japonicum/Asian herb bennet, red wine extract, resveratrol, and Siberian ginseng/eleuthero root.
  3. Cartilage/joint/spine regeneration — Both curcumin and resveratrol can help improve recovery from spinal cord injury. Meanwhile, baicalin, Boswellia serrata, and curcumin extract are some of the potentially regenerative substances that can help address degenerative joint disease (i.e. osteoarthritis).
  4. Hormone regeneration — Vitamin C is one substance that can help manage hormone levels. The vitamin can contribute electrons to revive the form and function of estradiol/estrogen; E2), progesterone, and testosterone. If combined with foods that can help support the function of glands (e.g. the ovaries), vitamin C can soon replace or at least be an alternative to hormone replacement therapy.
  5. Nerve regeneration — A study from 2010, which was published in the journal Rejuvenation Research, revealed that combining blueberry, carnosine, and green tea produces neuritogenic (or promoting neuronal regeneration) and stem-cell regenerative effects in an animal model of neurodegenerative disease. Other researched neuritogenic substances include apigenin (a compound in vegetables like celery), ashwagandha, coffee (which contains trigonelline), curcumin, ginseng, huperzine, lion’s mane, mushroom, natto, red sage, resveratrol, royal jelly, and theanine. Remyelinating compounds, another class of nerve-healing substances, can help stimulate the restoration of the protective sheath around myelin (the axon of the neurons), which is usually damaged because of neurological injury and/or dysfunction, such as autoimmune and vaccine-induced demyelination disorders. Even therapeutic actions, such as listening to music or falling in love, can help improve your health and well-being. This proves that regenerative medicine does not always require the intake of food or drugs and that it can also incorporate various therapeutic actions.
  6. Liver regeneration — A compound in licorice called glycyrrhizin can help stimulate the regeneration of liver mass and function in the animal model of hepatectomy. Other substances that can stimulate liver regeneration include carvacrol (a compound found in oregano), curcumin, Korean ginseng, rooibos, and vitamin E.

Further study into regenerative medicine, along with cultivating attitudes, lifestyles, and proper diets that can boost bodily regeneration, will help us to attain bodily freedom that could soon lead to “the liberation of the human soul and spirit.”

You can read more articles about Chinese herbs and other natural cures at Healing.news.

Sources include:

GreenMedInfo.com

NCBI.NLM.NIH.gov

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