Non-invasive ADHD treatment for adults found to be as effective as other therapies: Cognitive-behavior therapy is particularly efficient

Image: Non-invasive ADHD treatment for adults found to be as effective as other therapies: Cognitive-behavior therapy is particularly efficient

(Natural News)
A study published in the journal The Lancet Psychiatry has revealed that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) group training is just as effective as neurofeedback training in treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the experts have observed that while both methods worked to decrease disease symptoms, CBT appears to be a more efficient treatment option.

ADHD is classified as a mental disorder that starts in childhood or young adulthood. Experts have noted that up to sixty percent of ADHD cases persist in adulthood, which in turn makes both professional and private lives challenging. Symptoms of ADHD include impulsiveness, low stress tolerance, inner restlessness, and compulsion. Patients diagnosed with ADHD also have difficulties in planning, organizing, and concentrating on a single task for longer periods. The condition is commonly treated with certain medications, but non-pharmacological interventions have also shown significant efficacy.

A team of psychology experts at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen in Germany enrolled 118 ADHD patients as part of the 15-week study. The participants received either 30 neurofeedback sessions or 15 sham neurofeedback sessions followed by 15 neurofeedback sessions. After more than 12 weeks, another patient group has been given a total of 12 CBT group therapy sessions.

The research team found that both the CBT and neurofeedback training led to significant improvements in ADHD status. However, the experts observed that neurofeedback training did not show superior results compared with sham neurofeedback sessions. Neurofeedback intervention did not appear to have a specific effect on brain waves, the researchers add. (Related: No meds required: 3 ways schools can help ADHD kids without resorting to risky psychiatric drugs.)

“The method was considerably less involved as well. Among other things, it requires fewer sessions. And instead of training each individual, group work is possible. Plus there are no additional costs such as creating and maintaining technical equipment. The results of our study show that CBT approaches are very effective and efficient in treating ADHD symptoms in adults. Before other methods for the therapy can be recommended, these must first demonstrate they are superior to standard, CBT methods,” project leader Michael Schönenberg reports in a university press release.

ADHD treatment remains an unmet need in the U.S.

The recent findings may show potential in ADHD treatment, especially now that recent research shows that nearly two-thirds of adult Americans with self-reported ADHD do not receive drug intervention despite being highly affected by their symptoms. Scientists at the Shire, LLC in Lexington, Massachusetts have pooled data from the National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS) to carry out the study.

The findings reveal that 62.6 percent of patients with self-reported ADHD do not take medications. Likewise, these patients are more likely than their healthier counterparts to report co-morbid conditions including anxiety, depression, and panic disorders as well as insomnia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and heartburn. The results also show that patients with self-reported ADHD are more likely to test positive for bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder compared with their otherwise healthy counterparts.

“Results indicate there is an unmet need for better treatment to manage symptom burden among US adults with ADHD. These findings underscore the importance of screening for symptoms with validated instruments, like the ASRS-v1.1, to aid proper diagnosis and optimal management of ADHD in adults,” the researchers say.

“What we found was that non-psych specialists were not as confident and don’t always [have] the proper resources to screen, diagnose, and optimally treat adult ADHD patients. I think we have a lot of work still ahead of us to make sure we’re recognizing adult ADHD, and that we’re properly leveraging the resources among our top [key opinion leaders] as well as other practitioners,” researcher Alexandra Khachatryan, MPH tells Psychiatry Advisor online.

The findings have been presented at the 2017 Psych Congress in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Sources include:

Uni-Tuebingen.de

PsychiatryAdvisor.com

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Sheriff Behind Invasive School Drug Search Burst Into Interrogation Room of Son’s Weed Arrest


ATLANTA — A Georgia sheriff accused of violating the civil rights of hundreds of high school students when he ordered a massive school drug search is now accused of interfering with a Georgia Bureau of Investigation probe into his son’s recent drug arrest.

In April, Worth County Sheriff Jeff Hobby drew ire from scores of parents who accused him and his deputies of violating the civil rights of their children. Hobby ordered a search that resulted in his deputies locking down the Worth County High School for four hours as they searched students’ pockets, waistbands and underwear. Some students said they felt sexually violated.

A grand jury indicted the sheriff and two deputies Oct. 3 in a case involving allegations of false imprisonment, violation of oath of office and sexual battery.

The sheriff now stands accused by the local prosecutor of interfering with the criminal investigation into his teenage son, Zachary Lewis Hobby. The younger Hobby was arrested Oct. 9 and charged with felony possession of marijuana with intent to distribute and criminal trespass.

The sheriff and his wife burst into an interview room at the jail where a Georgia Bureau of Investigation agent was questioning their son after the arrest, according to a letter sent to Gov. Nathan Deal by Tifton Judicial Circuit District Attorney Paul Bowden.

“Sheriff Hobby and his wife, who is also an employee of the Worth County Sheriff’s Office, barged into the room ostensibly to invoke the seventeen (17) year old’s Fifth Amendment Rights for him,” according to Bowden.

Zachary Hobby had already been advised of his rights and had chosen to speak to the GBI agent, Bowden wrote. The sheriff’s intrusion into the GBI interview helped protect his son from additional questioning.

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Reinventing the ancient art of calligraphy… as a non-invasive cancer treatment

Image: Reinventing the ancient art of calligraphy… as a non-invasive cancer treatment

(Natural News)
The American Chemical Society, reporting in ACS Omega, said that a plant-based ink that was once used by Chinese calligraphers to paint beautiful art can now be used to non-invasively treat cancer cells that metastasize to lymph nodes.

Let us first consider a process called photothermal therapy (PTT). This is a relatively new procedure in which nanomaterials are injected to grow in cancer cells. What happens is that the nanomaterials emanate heat, which in turn kills the carcinogenic cells. These nanomaterials are hard to manufacture, expensive, and sometimes detrimental to health. The good news is that a traditional Chinese ink called Hu-Kaiwen ink (Hu-ink) has similar properties to the nanomaterials used in PTT, such as having the same color, being both carbon-based, and exhibiting stability in water.

Wuli Yang of Fudan University in Shanghai, an expert in nanotechnology, materials chemistry, and polymers chemistry, and his colleagues in Shanghai Jiao Tong University tested Hu-ink to find out if it could be a good alternative to the nanomaterials used in PTT.

After heating Hu-ink with a laser, its temperature increased by 131 degrees Fahrenheit (55 degrees Celsius), which is higher than the temperature currently exhibited by nanomaterials used in PTT. Heating Hu-ink to that temperature gave it the ability to kill cancer cells in a laboratory dish; otherwise, it would have been considered non-toxic.

Hu-ink can also be used to search for tumors and locate metastases as it has the ability to absorb near infra-red light, the researchers said.

The use of microscopic medical tools is slowly being integrated into the process of treating cancer and related ailments in today’s medical society. According to a release that was made available to the Ghana News Agency, researchers at Durham University in the United Kingdom are conducting clinical trials to assess the efficacy of using nanomachines – of which 50,000 can readily fit across the diameter of a human hair – in eliminating cancer cells.

Scientists said the nanobots have chemical constitutions that allow themselves to locate and attach themselves to cancer cells. After clamping onto these cancer cells, the nanobots’ rota-like chain of atoms spin at a rate of around two to three million times per second, creating a drilling effect into the cancer cells and breaking them apart.

The study is still in its initial stages, but researchers are hopeful that it could provide an avenue to new forms of cancer treatment

Nanobots can also be used to repair damaged tissues at a molecular level. Another application of this newfound technology is using it to take biometric measurements to observe and keep tabs on a person’s general health condition. (Related: Killer cancer treatment: How toxic chemotherapy kills both cancer cells and cancer patients.)

Sources include:

ScienceDaily.com

HindustanTimes.com

GhanaWeb.com

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Experts warn robots are growing in consciousness and should be classified as an “invasive species”

Image: Experts warn robots are growing in consciousness and should be classified as an “invasive species”

(Natural News)
Should humanity become extinct in the immediate future, it won’t be by our own hands or through the wrath of nature. A number of experts has claimed that our demise shall be brought on by super-strong robots. What was once created to make our lives easier could very well “threaten our existence” in the span of a few years.

This grim warning comes from the experts featured in the two-episode documentary series “Hyper Evolution: Rise of the Robots”. Presented by teaching fellow at Anglia Ruskin University and evolutionary biologist Dr. Ben Garrod and University of Manchester electronics engineer Danielle George, the documentary aims to the answer the question whether or not automation could one day become our greatest enemy. Though according to Garrod himself, that could very well be the case.

“What concerns me is that the impact of robots will be so monumental, they could threaten humanity,” Garrod told DailyMail.co.uk. “We’ve evolved over hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of years. These things are just bulldozing their way through. At what point have we got to stop? They’re like an invasive species.”

Garrod added that their classification as an “invasive species” was further bolstered by their increasing ability to make conscious decisions. “In the next few years, physically at least, they will be able to out-compete us in many of the things that we can do. But for me, the real problem isn’t if they move like us or even look like us. The real issue will come if they start to think like us,” he stated.

Many of the robots featured on the program hint towards this.

One such robot is Erica, who has been described as “the most beautiful and most human-like autonomous humanoid android in this world” by her “father”, Hiroshi Ishiguro. The robotics expert has gone on record to state that he aims to create a robot that can think and act independently. Erica is a move towards that direction. Though Erica is unable to move her arms and legs, she can answer questions about her ideal partner, tell jokes, and even sidestep around queries about her age. Ishiguro and Dylan F. Glas, Erica’s co-creator, hope to someday release Erica into out into the world and human society.

It’s no wonder then that Garrod isn’t alone in his opinions.

“The whole of our society, our law, our education, is based around consciousness, making conscious decisions, and if we show that actually that’s quite trivial and we reproduce it in an afternoon in a lab, then it could make you think ‘Well, how important is human life? Because it is conscious’,” said professor of cognitive robotics Owen Holland. “Ultimately the rewards will be positive but you have to be very, very careful. Socially it might be disruptive.”

Others have put out suggested measures to prevent the robotic takeover from becoming a reality. Just recently, experts hailing from the University of Oxford proposed equipping robots with recorders not unlike the black boxes on aircraft. These recorders would then capture the robots’ behaviors so that, in the event of a malfunction or an accident, the recorders would provide analysts with the information they need to determine what went wrong.

Although such a feature may cause robot-related accidents to dip in prevalence, it won’t exactly prevent automation from inflicting harm upon humans, whether unexpectedly or on purpose, experts said.(Related: First fatality of the robot apocalypse? Robot grabs factory worker and crushes him to death)

Visit Robotics.news to read up on more stories about robots and artificial intelligence.

Sources include:

DailyMail.co.uk

CambridgeNetwork.co.uk

DailyStar.co.uk

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