How do you like your mushrooms? Researchers find that grilled is the best way to preserve the nutritional benefits

Image: How do you like your mushrooms? Researchers find that grilled is the best way to preserve the nutritional benefits

(Natural News)
Spanish researchers have been able to show that grilling is the best way to preserve mushrooms’ nutritional benefits.

Scientists from Mushroom Technological Research Center of La Rioja (CTICH) sought to measure the influence of different cooking methods (boiling, frying, grilling) of betaglucans content, antioxidant activity, and proximate composition of four cultivated mushroom species.

The researchers used the most widely consumed mushrooms – Agaricus bisporus (white button mushroom), Lentinula edodes (shiitake), Pleurotus eryngii (king oyster mushroom), and Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom) – for their study. These mushrooms were harvested from the cultivation rooms at CTICH laboratories. After these mushrooms were cooked, they were then freeze-dried, and then their proximate composition and antioxidant activity were analyzed.

The findings of the study, which are published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, show that frying results in severe losses in ash, carbohydrate, and protein content but increased fat and energy storage in mushrooms.

The study also shows that boiling boosted the total glucans content by maximizing the betaglucans fraction. A tantamount reduction was detected in the antioxidant activity especially after frying, while grilled mushrooms attained higher values of antioxidant activity.

Frying and boiling treatments produced more severe losses in proteins and antioxidant compounds, probably due to the leaching of soluble substances in the water or in the oil, which may significantly influence the nutritional value of the final product,” says Irene Roncero-Ramos, one of the authors of the paper.

When mushrooms were cooked by…grill, the content of polyphenol and antioxidant activity increased significantly, and there are no significant losses in nutritional value of the cooked mushrooms. This minimal amount will not cause nutrient losses by leaching; in fact, the antioxidant capacity can be even improved.

Moreover, if olive oil is used, the fatty acid profile of the final preparation is enhanced with barely [an] increase in the calorie content,” Roncero-Ramos adds.

The health benefits of mushrooms

Mushrooms are nutritious foods since they provide a significant amount of dietary fiber and contain minimal amounts of calories and fat. Also, they have a good protein content (20 to 30 percent of dry matter) which incorporates most of the essential amino acids; they also provide a plethora of vitamins (B1, B2, B12, C, D, and E) and trace minerals such as selenium and zinc. Mushrooms are rich in active compounds with potential medicinal value such as betaglucans.

In addition to that, mushrooms are known to show potential in protecting us against cancer by shielding our cells against DNA damage but also preventing tumor formation. They are also said to be helpful in the management and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. (Related: Mushroom found on birch tree holds promise as a potent anti-cancer tonic.)

They can also help lower cholesterol, especially in overweight adults, and provide phytonutrients that hinder cells from sticking to blood vessel walls and forming plaque, thus maintaining heart health by regulating blood pressure and circulation.

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Durham Cops Grilled Female Officer’s Suicidal Ex Instead of Taking Him to Hospital

Lawyer Peter Brauti is representing a Durham police sergeant who alleges officers interrogated her suicidal ex-husband instead of taking him to hospital.

The Durham police officers said they would take the mentally unstable man to the hospital. He was suicidal and needed to see a doctor.

Instead, the officers interrogated him in an attempt to find some dirt on a female sergeant who had lodged complaints about a senior officer’s abusive and misogynistic behaviour, according to allegations filed in an internal police complaint.

The group of officers then told the suicidal man — the female officer’s ex-husband — that he “better be ‘solid’ and not tell anyone about what had happened,” the complaint alleges.

The “horrific and corrupt set of circumstances,” as Sgt. Nicole Whiteway describes the incident in her July 2017 complaint, are part of what she calls a campaign of harassment against her by a Durham police inspector and other officers.

Whiteway, a 22-year veteran with 16 years at the Durham force, first complained to Durham police about Insp. Nick Lisi in 2016, alleging that the high-ranking officer had harassed her and colleagues, publicly ridiculing his subordinates’ personal lives and physical attributes.

She alleges that Lisi made derogatory comments about her ex-husband’s mental health and derided her for seeking an accommodated schedule to care for her young son, who has a life-threatening health condition.

Lisi told the Star the allegations against him are untrue. “The information you have is erroneous and incorrect,” he said.

According to a memo signed by a Durham deputy chief, an external investigator had substantiated some of the allegations contained in Whiteway’s first complaint while dismissing others as embellished, false or malicious. The memo said the investigator’s specific findings are confidential, and they have not been publicly released.

The ‘zombie law’ may be coming to Ontario. Can you guess how many pedestrians we saw on cell phones at one Toronto intersection in 10 minutes?

Toronto-based teen blogger and social activist, Hannah Alper has been named to Bloomberg’s Ones To Watch In 2018 List. Hannah is the only Canadian on the list, and also the only teenager.
Toronto girl makes splash on Bloomberg’s Ones to Watch in 2018 list

Durham police said it would dock Lisi 160 hours pay, according to the memo. Durham police sources say Lisi has refused to accept the penalty, and the matter is expected to go to a public disciplinary hearing.

The alleged incident with the suicidal man happened this past spring, while Whiteway’s original workplace harassment complaint was still being reviewed.

Her July complaint to Durham police is now being investigated by the force’s professional standards unit. The allegations have not been proven.

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The Latest: Detective grilled in Penn St. hazing death case

BELLEFONTE, Pa. (AP) — The Latest on the court hearing in the death of a Penn State fraternity pledge following an alcohol hazing ritual (all times local):

5:15 p.m.

Lawyers for members of a Penn State fraternity accused of crimes related to the death of a pledge are continuing to chip away at the allegations during questioning of the lead detective.

The fourth day of a preliminary hearing on Thursday included additional security camera footage of 19-year-old Tim Piazza stumbling and unsteady after a night of drinking that followed a pledge bid acceptance ceremony.

Defense attorneys are focusing on the evidence that involves their respective clients, particularly the camera footage that’s at the heart of the prosecution’s case.

Piazza was a sophomore engineering student from Lebanon, New Jersey, when he was fatally injured during a series of falls at the since-closed Beta Theta Pi house.

Lawyers for 12 of 19 defendants have already cross-examined the detective. The hearing continues Friday.



Video shot inside a Penn State fraternity house shows a pledge stumbling and unsteady about three hours before he was found unconscious in the basement.

Prosecutors played the four-minute excerpt Thursday during a preliminary hearing for 16 young men accused of various crimes related to the February death of sophomore Tim Piazza.

Prosecutors had previously shown other excerpts from security video, but the additional segment was played to show more evidence of Piazza’s medical condition.

The 19-year-old from Lebanon, New Jersey, died the next day at a hospital. He suffered severe head and abdominal injuries and had consumed a dangerous amount of alcohol.

There’s no video from the basement, and the lead detective says he now suspects it was purposely erased and charges may result.


9:30 a.m.

A hearing has resumed for members of a Penn State fraternity accused of crimes related to the February death of a sophomore engineering student after a pledge acceptance event.

The hearing for 16 young men who belonged to the now-shuttered Beta Theta Pi fraternity resumed Thursday and was expected to continue into Friday. Three days of testimony have already been heard.

Some defendants and the fraternity itself are charged with involuntary manslaughter and aggravated assault in the death of 19-year-old Tim Piazza, of Lebanon, New Jersey. Others face less serious charges that include evidence tampering, hazing and alcohol offenses.

Authorities say Piazza consumed a dangerous amount of alcohol and fell repeatedly.

His friends didn’t summon help until about 40 minutes after he was discovered unconscious in the basement the next morning.


12:20 a.m.

The fourth day of a preliminary hearing is about to get underway for members of a Penn State fraternity accused of crimes related to the February death of a sophomore engineering student after a pledge acceptance event.

The hearing for 16 young men who belonged to Beta Theta Pi is expected to continue all day Thursday and into Friday.

Some defendants and the fraternity itself are charged with involuntary manslaughter and aggravated assault for the death of 19-year-old Tim Piazza of Lebanon, New Jersey.

Others face less serious charges that include evidence tampering, hazing, and alcohol offenses.

Authorities say Piazza consumed a dangerous amount of alcohol and fell repeatedly.

His friends didn’t summon help until about 40 minutes after he was discovered unconscious in the basement the next morning.

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They Were ‘Grilled Alive’: US Govt Exposed Running Nazi-Like Torture Program


An unprecedented report from the corporate press claims U.S. forces have participated in extreme torture and abuse of detainees accused of affiliation with Al Qaeda in Yemen — including “the ‘grill,’ in which the victim is tied to a spit like a roast and spun in a circle of fire,” the Associated Press finds.

A network of secretive prisons in southern Yemen provide the backdrop for the alleged barbaric acts allegedly carried out by forces from the U.S. and United Arab Emirates — many of those detention facilities remain hidden in plain sight.

That some of the covert prisons sit inside military bases might not be much of a shock, but others are located in ports, an airport, private villas, and even a nightclub — and all, according to the AP, remain untouchable by the embattled Yemeni government.

Whistleblower Edward Snowden weighed in on the new revelations, tweeting,

“Biggest @AP scoop in a long time: US government behind UAE torture in Yemen, with some reportedly grilled alive.”

American officials unsurprisingly balked at the accusation troops have participated in the astonishingly heinous behavior described in the AP’s report.

Reports the AP:

“Senior American defense officials acknowledged Wednesday that U.S. forces have been involved in interrogations of detainees in Yemen but denied any participation in or knowledge of human rights abuses. Interrogating detainees who have been abused could violate international law, which prohibits complicity in torture.

“The AP documented at least 18 clandestine lockups across southern Yemen run by the United Arab Emirates or by Yemeni forces created and trained by the Gulf nation, drawing on accounts from former detainees, families of prisoners, civil rights lawyers and Yemeni military officials. All are either hidden or off limits to Yemen’s government, which has been getting Emirati help in its civil war with rebels over the last two years.”

Notably, this is the first ‘official’ acknowledgment the United States participates in interrogations inside the borders of Yemen.

Forces transported some detainees to an Emirati base in Eritrea, according to Yemen Interior Minister Hussein Arab.

Unnamed and unverifiable U.S. defense officials told the Associated Press ‘senior U.S. military leaders’ have been aware of alleged torture taking place in Yemen for some time — but have investigated the charges, and apparently found nothing amiss, as U.S. troops, they claim, were never present during detainee torture.

Perhaps beyond tellingly, neither the AP nor the anonymous officials elucidated on whether the lack of U.S. troop presence during the alleged grilling alive of detainees meant senior military leaders indeed discovered forces from other nations roasting people alive and said nothing, or that the torture allegations were completely baseless.

Those defense officials further “told AP that American forces do participate in interrogations of detainees at locations in Yemen, provide questions for others to ask, and receive transcripts of interrogations from Emirati allies.”

Torture this horrific, if proven true, harkens immediately back to Bush-era implementation of barbaric human rights violations by the CIA — which included waterboarding and other acts the agency, itself, knew to be utterly inefficacious — which temporarily halted adherence to the law and all semblance of ethics under the premise of extracting information from detainees following the attacks of 9/11.

“We always adhere to the highest standards of personal and professional conduct,” chief Defense Department spokeswoman, Dana White, told the AP on perusal of its report. “We would not turn a blind eye, because we are obligated to report any violations of human rights.”

In a statement, the UAE government also balked, insisting, “There are no secret detention centers and no torture of prisoners is done during interrogations.”

“The UAE was one of the countries involved in the CIA’s torture and rendition program,” reminds New York University Professor of Law Ryan Goodman. “These reports are hauntingly familiar and potentially devastating in their legal and policy implications.”

To repeat, the U.S. Department of Defense must report violations of human rights — yet the vagueness of the claim senior military brass investigated allegations of excruciating torture, but would only offer that U.S. troops had not been present. Without further explanation, that detail could indicate a troubling sin of omission — in short, a failure to report violations of human rights.

Not one of the dozens interviewed by the AP accused U.S. troops of witnessing torture, but the malicious, degrading, deplorable, torturous abuses described by former inmates of the secret prisons would seem impossible to have taken place without their cognizance.

AP continues:

“At one main detention complex at Riyan airport in the southern city of Mukalla, former inmates described being crammed into shipping containers smeared with feces and blindfolded for weeks on end. They said they were beaten, trussed up on the ‘grill,’ and sexually assaulted. According to a member of the Hadramawt Elite, a Yemeni security force set up by the UAE, American forces were at times only yards away. He requested anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the matter.

“‘We could hear the screams,’ said a former detainee held for six months at Riyan airport. ‘The entire place is gripped by fear. Almost everyone is sick, the rest are near death. Anyone who complains heads directly to the torture chamber.’ He was flogged with wires, part of the frequent beatings inflicted by guards against all the detainees. He also said he was inside a metal shipping container when the guards lit a fire underneath to fill it with smoke.”

As in the first revelations on the renewed use of the gross physical and psychological abuses comprising torture, human rights advocates admonished such practices cannot be carried out without the broad knowledge of military and intelligence officials at the scene — particularly not for the duration described.

“It would be a stretch to believe the US did not know or could not have known that there was a real risk of torture,” Amnesty International Director of Research in the Middle East, Lynn Maalouf, told the Associated Press. Amnesty called for a swift investigation by the United Nations into the torture allegations against the UAE and other possible participants or knowledgeable parties.

Torture has been championed as acceptable by the president and other U.S. officials, despite its illegality internationally — almost exclusively as a tool of the War on Terror to extract information from prisoners — but torture has been proven repeatedly to be ineffective for that very purpose.

At least 2,000 people have vanished in Yemen — their families left agonizing over their fate, tragically wondering whether a torturous interrogation took their lives.

“Wives, mothers, and daughters in the north and south of Yemen want to know whether their husbands, sons, and brothers are all right, if they are even alive,” noted Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch, after issuance of a similar report on torture in Yemen by her organization, on Thursday.

“Yemen, the UAE, Houthi-Saleh forces, and any other party disappearing people should immediately inform families of where their loved ones are and release those held arbitrarily.”

Despite denial of allegations by the United States military and government of the United Arab Emirates, the report from the Associated Press most likely will be remembered as the beginning of yet another torture scandal embroiling perpetually-ethicless entities during a complex and violent conflict — one, again, involving the U.S., which fights for freedom and against terror by, apparently, eviscerating freedom and waging terror.

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