How to care for yourself mentally and emotionally after experiencing trauma during an airplane flight

Image: How to care for yourself mentally and emotionally after experiencing trauma during an airplane flight

(Natural News)
If you’re already wary of traveling by air, recent news reports might have added to your apprehension when it comes to airplanes. For example, last April, tragedy struck a Southwest Airlines flight, with one passenger dead after an engine exploded.

Many of the passengers on the same flight were shaken as they witnessed firsthand how vulnerable we are when we travel by plane. According to the National Transportation Safety Board, flight disturbances like this can happen at least three or four times a year.

Now, when you’re trapped at 30,000 feet, how do you deal with the trauma caused by what you’re experiencing?

Carmen Visan, a Seattle-based therapist in private practice, said that the earlier you learn to process the traumatic event, the better it is for your mental health. (Related: Big Trauma Vs. Little Trauma: What’s the Difference?)

Visan warned that while your instinct may be to block the traumatizing event from your mind, this is the last thing that you should do because it might “repress and postpone healing.” She continued that the best way to deal with trauma is to practice “[conscious], sustained, and supported engagement with the entirety of the memory of the event.”

Visan advised individuals to talk about the event by expressing emotions physically and verbally. Another way to deal with it is to find a healing and nurturing place where you can talk to people you trust.

If you’ve lived through a plane crash or other trauma in the air, you might be wondering if you’re going to die. This is normal because it’s the most basic fear we have hardwired into our brains: “The fight for survival.”

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When you survive an event like a plane crash, it may cause major trauma and this can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People often deal with PTSD for some time following such an event. However, if you’re struggling with symptoms, you may need to consult a therapist or join a PTSD support group so you can discuss the incident with people who have had the same experience.

Other things you may start asking yourself include: “Will I be able to fly again after this?” or “Can I let my loved ones get on planes after this?”

Coping strategies for trauma caused by an airplane flight

If you’re unsure what kind of coping strategies to try after you’ve experienced traumatic flight disturbances, Visan suggests consulting trained trauma professionals because your recovery is mostly psychological in nature. Instead of hiding the memory in your mind, discuss it with people you trust so you can come to terms with your feelings and fears.

If you’re wondering what it’s like to experience trauma firsthand, possible symptoms may involve:

  • Avoidance of references to the traumatic event
  • Being bothered by intrusive thoughts
  • Increased vigilance
  • Persistent hyper-arousal to triggers
  • Social isolation
  • Trouble sleeping

In some cases, these symptoms may be misinterpreted as generalized anxiety or depression in adults or even panic attacks when in fact they should be diagnosed as symptoms of PTSD.

If you or anyone you know is struggling with trauma due to an airplane flight, consult a trained trauma expert for a therapeutic debrief. You can either join an individual or group debriefing session to address any of your concerns so you can process your feelings in a suitable manner.

Other tips to deal with trauma

If you’re still unsure how to properly deal with trauma, follow the steps listed below:

  1. Don’t rush your healing. It may take you weeks or months to accept what happened, and that’s perfectly normal.
  2. Instead of ignoring the accident, try to find out what caused it in the first place so you can have closure.
  3. If there are casualties from the flight disturbance, try to attend funerals or memorial services. Aside from comforting the families of those who have passed away, doing this can help you accept what happened by spending time with others who have had the same experience.
  4. Talk about what happened with your family and friends, but try to understand that they may not always know what to say to you.
  5. Spend time alone so you can process your thoughts and feelings about the incident.
  6. Try to discuss the traumatic event in your own time. Never feel bad for crying when you talk because this is a natural way of dealing with traumatic experiences.
  7. Do your best to resume a normal routine, like eating regular meals or exercising.
  8. Spend time with other people and do “normal” things to take your mind off of what happened, which could comfort you.

You can learn more about how you can care for your mental health after a traumatic event at

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The Education Department Officially Won't Deal With Transgender Students Experiencing Bathroom Discrimination

The Trump administration’s Education Department will no longer investigate complaints filed by transgender students who are kept from using the bathroom that aligns with their gender identity, a department official told BuzzFeed News.

HuffPost previously reported that the Department of Education had already started telling students who submitted these complaints that the issue no longer fell within its jurisdiction, but this marks the first time an official has referenced a concrete policy change. The news comes almost a year after the departments of Justice and Education rescinded joint, Obama-era guidance that any school receiving federal money must treat a student’s gender identity as his or her sex, which included allowing individuals to use the bathroom conforming to their identity. 

However, since that time, the Trump administration has been mum on information about how the Education Department’s civil rights division would officially handle these cases. In June, an internal memo from the department’s Office for Civil Rights told attorneys that these cases could be dismissed, but it was not necessarily a requirement. But a spokeswoman for the Department of Education told BuzzFeed that the administration does not interpret Title IX, the federal law prohibiting sex discrimination, to cover these types of cases.

“Where students, including transgender students, are penalized or harassed for failing to conform to sex-based stereotypes, that is sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX,” Liz Hill told BuzzFeed. “In the case of bathrooms, however, long standing regulations provide that separating facilities on the basis of sex is not a form of discrimination prohibited by Title IX.”

Hill told the outlet that transgender student complaints could still be investigated, just not those centered around the use of intimate facilities. 

The Obama administration interpreted Title IX to include discrimination based on gender identity. Notably, a wave of recent court decisions have also interpreted the law this way.

In January, HuffPost learned of at least three recent cases in which the Office for Civil Rights dismissed complaints filed by transgender students regarding access to bathrooms, locker rooms and gender specific sports teams. The Office for Civil Rights wrote back to complainants and said their office was no longer required to deal with this type of discrimination.

HuffPost also previously learned that the number of complaints filed with the Department of Education related to the treatment of transgender students dropped precipitously, by about 40 percent, between January 2016 through January 2017, and January 2017 through January 2018. At the time, advocates for LGBTQ students told HuffPost they worried that the Trump administration was having a chilling effect on the students who would otherwise submit complaints of discrimination.

Upon rescinding the Obama-era guidance last year, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos met with a small group of transgender children and families to discuss issues facing this group of students. Vanessa Ford attended the meeting with her six-year-old transgender daughter, Ellie. During the meeting, DeVos mentioned that she had a young granddaughter, just like Ellie.

Ford told HuffPost that she found the news today “mind boggling.”

“We put our family at risk meeting with her in hopes it would make change. She now made the decision for the Department of Education that my daughter and thousands of daughters and sons shouldn’t have the protection her grandchildren should be afforded,” said Ford.

Eliza Byard, executive director of the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network, said that after the Trump administration first rescinded the student guidance last year, they saw school districts who had been supporting transgender students suddenly change course. She is now focused on making sure they feel supported and affirmed across the country.

“They are not alone,” said Byard. “It is ultimately most important right now every transgender student understands right now that this is wrong.”

  • This article originally appeared on HuffPost.

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More proof Big Pharma is all about Big Profit: Doctors experiencing a shortage of antibiotics because they’ve become less profitable to produce

Image: More proof Big Pharma is all about Big Profit: Doctors experiencing a shortage of antibiotics because they’ve become less profitable to produce

(Natural News)
It’s no secret that the world is facing an antibiotic apocalypse in which simple cuts and bacterial infections could once again be deadly. Misuse and overuse of antibiotics have created what are known as superbugs – bacteria that have evolved in such a way that they can no longer be killed by any known antibiotic.

While experts have been placing a lot of emphasis on trying to prevent this impending disaster, there is another, equally deadly antibiotic problem that very few of us are aware of: Older antibiotics that are vitally important in the treatment of common bacterial infections are no longer available because pharmaceutical companies are choosing not to produce them because they can’t make enough money off them.

The most alarming aspect of this problem is that the formulations that are the most difficult to access are those needed in the treatment of infants and young children.

Researchers from St. George’s, University of London, report that doctors are being forced to use broad spectrum antibiotics rather than the narrow spectrum, disease-specific antibiotics that should be prescribed.

These broader spectrum antibiotics often have far worse side effects, and have been linked to the growth of drug-resistant bacteria, fueling the superbug problem.

The university reported:

The authors found that absence of marketing of older antibiotics is primarily caused by the high costs involved in registering medicines in multiple countries. This is combined with the relatively small market for these antibiotics, which are sold as low-cost generics and for short courses of treatment.

Back in 2011, a study by the ESCMID Study Group for Antimicrobial stewardshiP (ESGAP) found that 22 of the 33 older, but still necessary, antibiotics were marketed in less than 20 of the 38 countries in Europe, Canada, Australia and the United States. A follow-up study in 2015, found the situation to be even worse. In both studies, the researchers found that “economic motives were the major reason for not marketing these antibiotics.”

The journal Clinical Microbiology and Infection reported that there have also been prolonged and repeated shortages of multiple different antibiotics worldwide, with 148 antibiotics being in short supply in the United States at various times between 2001 and 2013. While there is little evidence of the situation in poorer countries, experts believe that it is probably even worse.

Of course, it should come as no surprise that the pharmaceutical giants would be willing to leave babies and young children without medication because they’re watching their bottom line. After all, Big Pharma has a history of putting profits above people.

Back in 2015, a company called Turing Pharmaceuticals made global headlines when it pushed the price of a life-saving drug used to treat parasitic infections like malaria up from $13.50 to $750 – per pill!

The New York Times reported:

Specialists in infectious disease are protesting a gigantic overnight increase in the price of a 62-year-old drug that is the standard of care for treating a life-threatening parasitic infection.

The drug, called Daraprim, was acquired in August by Turing Pharmaceuticals, a start-up run by a former hedge fund manager. Turing immediately raised the price to $750 a tablet from $13.50, bringing the annual cost of treatment for some patients to hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Then, in 2016, another pharma giant, Mylan Pharmaceuticals, came under fire when it pushed the price of a standard two-pack of EpiPen – the autoinjector that highly allergic people use when they have an anaphylactic reaction to peanuts, shellfish, etc. – up from its 2007 price of $55, to over $600.

Clearly, Big Pharma has its eye firmly on the financial bottom line and will put profits above people every time, which is all the more reason why it is important that we take ownership of our health and do all we can to avoid getting sick in the first place.

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The Ancient Greeks Had 6 Words For Love- Which Are You Experiencing?


Luke Miller Truth Theory

Love is something that is hard to be conceptualised with a simple word. It is such a broad spectrum of feeling- ranging from the fiery to the euphoric, and from the euphoric to the deepest depths of sadness. You can have happy love, sad love, empowering love and destructive love- all with many variables in between. Yet we have summed it up the most complex and overpowering of human emotions into the confines of the singular word love!

The Ancient Greeks achieved a lot in their time- constructing many languages, dialects and physical structures of momentous beauty. But they also knew a thing or 2 about love and had 6 different words they used to express the different types of love.

1. Philia

Philia is a deep type of love that values friendship over the more fiery aspects of love. Philia is related to the deep type of relationship you would develop on the battlefield, showing loyalty to your friends and sacrificing yourself for their interests. This would also be expressed in your ability to share your emotions with them.

2. Eros

Eros, is named after the Greek god of fertility, and is the fiery, sexual and passionate type of love. This would be the acting out of your desires, but can also become an unhealthy (and exhausting) type of love if it turns to addiction. Eros was actually viewed as a dangerous and irrational type of love by the greeks, as it has the ability to take hold of you and possess your soul.

This type of love is worshiped in many modern societies today, and while it is quite normal at the beginning of a relationship- it can lead to complications later on.

3. Ludus

Ludus is playful and affectionate in it nature-  the childlike qualities you often see in young lovers or children who have fallen in love. Ludus is the friendship phase when we banter and joke with each other, after the fire of eros, it is the forming of friendship that follows.

Ludus can also be expressed with strangers through dance and playful jokes, but it is ultimately an important stage of long term relationships once the real lustful stage starts to wain.

4. Pragma

Pragma is a mature love that comes with age. This is the deep understanding 2 people have when they have spent a real extended period of time with each other. Pragma is the result of all types of love survived and then moving forward to a new era of love. It is about compromise, patience and tolerance on both sides. Once you get to this stage you know each other on a level deeper than anyone else.

5. Philautia

Self love is the key to all other types of love successfully executed and this is what philautia represents. There are actually 2 types of self love- the first is a narcissistic and unhealthy obsession with the self, the other is more of a self maintenance. No matter how well intentioned you are, it is impossible to tip from an empty cup and healthy philautia allows you to maintain that full cup.

Self love and self empowerment go hand in hand- as if you love yourself, you will not do anything that takes away your freedom and empowerment.

6. Agape

Agape is unconditional selfless love. It is soft, gentle and extends to all life. Agape was later translated to the Latin word caritas, which is the word “charity” derived from.

This plays into the fact that there is no separation and healthy self love (philautia) and unconditional love (Agape) are kind of the same thing and support each other. You can’t love unconditionally without first loving yourself and if you love yourself without the consideration of others it is a unhealthy expression of self love.

All of these types of love complement each other and serve their purpose, but the ultimate love starts with ourselves. Let us know what types of love you have experienced most intensely by leaving us a comment!

Credit for image: Copyright: corinne18 / 123RF Stock Photo


I am Luke Miller the author of this article, and creator of Potential For Change. I like to blend psychology and spirituality to help you create more happiness in your life.Grab a copy of my free 33 Page Illustrated eBook- Psychology Meets Spirituality- Secrets To A Supercharged Life You Control Here

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Local News Anchor Tells of ‘Experiencing Hate Firsthand’ from Antifa at Berkeley Protest

It’s amazing, but someone in the media actually wrote something about how awful Antifa is – and gave a firsthand account. Frank Somerville, anchors the 5, 6, and 10 p.m. news on KTVU in San Francisco, posted about the following experience he had at a Berkeley protest.

On his Facebook page, Somerville posted an article on how he “experienced hate firsthand” and “…it came from these people dressed in all black at a protest in Berkeley. Ironically they were all chanting about no hate.”

No kidding. People have been saying this since President Trump’s inauguration. Antifa isn’t a warm and cozy group – they’re just as awful as the neo-Nazi groups they claim to protest.

Somerville described Antifa as having shields and gloves, helmets and gas masks. Of course they sound scary or a bit intimidating, but he wanted to “take it all in” dressed only in shorts and a tank top. At one point, he took out his phone to take photos, in which the following altercation happened, full of “venom, anger hate and intolerance.” (Intolerance!? I thought the left prided themselves on being the tolerant ones!)

“Them: Hey! No pictures or we’ll take your phone!

(At that point I’d already taken these shots)

Me (In calm voice): You’re on public property and I can take a picture if I want to.

Them: Oh, so you’re a big man with a camera?

Me: No I just wanted to take a picture and talk with you.

Them (rushing toward me): We outnumber you and we will take your camera!

Me: You’re not going to take my camera and you’re not going to tell me what to do. Why can’t we just have a respectful conversation?

(I then touched one of them on her hand to say it’s okay I just want to talk.)

Them: Don’t touch me!

Me: I’m not trying to do anything. I just want to try to understand and have a respectful conversation.

Them: We’ll block your shot!

Me: That’s fine. All I wanted to do was have a conversation.

Them: Now is not the time.”

Somerville went on to say that a woman began screaming at him saying they weren’t interested in talking to him.

He writes that he was stunned, growing up in Berkeley he marched against the war during the Sixties. “It’s one thing to read about hate. It’s another thing to be right next to it. In my opinion, these people dressed in black are just as hateful and intolerant as the people they are protesting against.” 

Somerville experienced what pro-Trump protesters experience on a daily basis – he just didn’t realize it.

Eventually he came across other protesters that stood up for him and he was touched by this gesture. (Why a man would actually admit to that is beyond me.) Sommerville described the disappointment the other protesters were feeling, that it was “the people dressed in black” that hijack the protests, which he agreed.

Most of the people out there in Berkeley were non-violent. They were there for the cause. They just wanted to come out and stand up against hate. I totally support them.

But I do not support extremists, whether they are on the right or the left.

Hate is hate.

And I experienced it firsthand today.

It was sad to see.

Yes Mr. Somerville, it is sad to see. Even sadder is how the media turns their cheek to the antics of Antifa.

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Four Simple Hacks That Can Help Liberate Anyone From Experiencing Stress

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This is an excerpt of a workshop coordinated by VÉRONIQUE BRASSELET and EMMA MILESI during the Heartfulness days at the Cité Internationale in Lyon in January 2016.

The Heart’s Simplicity Reduces Stress

Stress is everywhere in our daily lives. When it is positive (eustress), it is considered beneficial; when it is negative (distress), it inhibits our potential and prevents us from accomplishing our objectives.

What is stress?

Stress is something that causes a state of strain or tension.

What hides behind stress?

Our fears. Fear is part of daily life, and it is present everywhere. According to its intensity, stress will be more or less severe, uncomfortable, challenging, or crippling.

Various sources of stress

1. Daily worries — for example, missing the bus and arriving late, or being unable to finish all that was planned for the day.

2. Undergoing fear — for example, speaking in public, being interviewed for a job, not reaching our parents’ expectations, or required job performance.

3. Undergoing binding, sometimes crippling fear — for example, reliving an old wound that made us suffer. Examples include not being loved, being abandoned, failing, hurting others, or the fear of being judged by others.

4. The growing pace of life — for example, fear of anything new, of change, or of not adapting.

Fear/Stress is a film we create for ourselves, a mental scenario, which confines us to a narrow vision excluding reality. Our interpretation distorts reality into false beliefs about ourselves and others.

Stress, in particular distress, reveals that something is not quite right, and allows us to question ourselves: “What is causing me to feel stressed or frightened?”

Various Reactions Under Stress

Our survival instinct forces us to act in one of three ways: defend ourselves, flee, or stay dumbstruck on the spot!

Stress acts specifically at different levels

1. The Brain

spiritual-self-beingStress specifically targets the brain areas implicated in coordinating cognition and emotions:

a) The cognitive functions coordinated by the prefrontal cortex, such as language, memory, and the ability to reason, plan, and organize.

b) Adaptability — calmness, problem solving, and decision-making.

c) Emotions, such as aggression, fear, and pleasure, controlled by the limbic system.

According to the degree of stress, we more or less lose these faculties, and this can lead to lack of spontaneity, to depression, and even to psychomotor retardation.

The limbic system is the seat of our impulses, fears, and angers. It emotionally colours any information received and grades it as agreeable or disagreeable. Its main function is survival by suitable adaptation to the social environment. Under stress, it focuses on survival — fight or flight — and deprives us from thinking clearly, e.g. blank page syndrome.

Consequently, with stress (distress), we lose our capacity for reflection, and emotions take over. Take, for example, a job interview; some will have clammy hands while others will not turn up, the stress being too unbearable.

How Does the Brain Treat Information?

Imagine your brain as a multi-storey house.

First of all, information goes to the reptilian brain, the instinctive brain. If the body is in survival mode, as when you are hungry, for instance, the information will be slowed down, even completely blocked if the hunger is severe. If body survival is not threatened, the information moves to the second storey into the limbic system, the emotional brain.

Here the information is classified as agreeable or disagreeable. If it is agreeable, it passes through to the cortex and then you may have an answer to your mathematics problem! If it is considered disagreeable, failure is guaranteed! In the worst of cases, the limbic system will not allow the information to pass to the cortex.

How does the limbic system assess information? Like an arbitrator, it adds up the plusses and minuses.

For each disagreeable thought it allocates a minus, and for each agreeable thought it allocates a plus. Say you have a math problem. If you say, “I am hopeless at math,” or “This teacher is poor,” or “My family has never been good at math,” it is a minus. If, on the other hand, you are feeling positive, then you create a plus.

To continue the metaphor of the multi-storey house, let’s say there is a door to go from the limbic system to the cortex. The plusses try to open the door, while the minuses try to shut it. The team that has the most wins.

What does a team coach do before a football match? He talks positively to the players, saying, “We will win,” and “We are the best,” so the information passes directly to the cortex and the team can play at its best level.

In fact, when information is considered agreeable or very agreeable by the limbic system, the limbic system passes it to the cortex, and then the cortex deals with it as a priority.

2. The Hormones

The hormones adrenaline and noradrenalin are released in stressful situations, and they accelerate our heart rhythm and breathing to allow the organs linked to movement to increase their functions and thus to support defence or escape.

3. Behaviour and Emotions

Stress leads to:

  • Dependency, jealousy, withdrawal, and even submission,
  • Withdrawal due to fear of showing weaknesses and not meeting expectations
  • Difficulty in saying no, tendency to avoid conflicts,
  • Hindrance of all action and relations,
  • Withdrawal due to sadness and despondency,
  • Compensation, such as eating disorders, drinking, and smoking.

Activity: How to Liberate Stress in Four Stages

spiritual-self-beingAsk a friend to guide you through the steps.

Step 1: Observe it

Put yourself at ease, breathe calmly, and close your eyes. Observe any current stress that you feel.

Identify the emotions that take place inside you when you are aware of that stress.

Identify the physical symptoms that appear, such as sweating, breathing, clammy hands, etc.

Identify how you react to this stress: Do you run away, stand up to it, or become inert?

Note the stress level on a scale from 1 to 10.

Breathe in slowly and deeply through your nose, and breathe out through your mouth.

Step 2: Feel it

Recognize it, expressing inwardly, “I feel stressed because…”

Inhale slowly through your nose, and exhale through your mouth.

Feel this stress as deeply as possible, so as to integrate it.

Feel the emotions that surface. We are often afraid to feel these emotions because we think they are bad and we will become like that.

Inhale slowly through your nose, and exhale through your mouth.

Step 3: Accept it

Welcome your stress without judging and with benevolence, as it is part of you.

Inhale slowly through your nose, and exhale through your mouth.

Accept it. What feelings occur when you do? What physical changes do you observe?

Welcome this new sensation, explore it, appreciate it, amplify it while breathing naturally, let it spread throughout your body, and feel the energy circulating.

Step 4: Integrate it

Do you feel that something has changed or loosened?

Be ready to listen to a new understanding.

Bring your attention again to the same stress: How do you feel now with it? If there is no improvement, wait some time and if necessary, try again.

Note the stress level that you feel now on a scale of 1 to 10.

Thank yourself that you took care of yourself.

When we take the time to welcome what happens inside us and acknowledge it, we digest it better. We give ourselves permission to live in the present. Then, slowly, we will accept it, integrate it, and then transcend it.

This is our personal work.

When we cut ourselves off from our feelings, we try to stand back and intellectualize, and then our emotions take over. To free ourselves from our stresses is a proof of maturity and wisdom.

Article and activity by VÉRONIQUE BRASSELET and EMMA MILESI

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More Wildlife Fish are Experiencing ‘Intersex’ – What Could be Causing This?

More wildlife are experiencing strange reproductive abnormalities, but why? In a study released last year, the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFW) tested male smallmouth and largemouth bass from 19 National Wildlife Refuges. The researchers found that 85% of the smallmouth bass “had signs of female reproductive parts.” Of the largemouth bass, 27% were intersex. What could be causing this?

Luke Iwanowicz, a USGS research biologist and lead author of the paper, says:

“It is not clear what the specific cause of intersex is in these fish. This study was designed to identify locations that may warrant further investigation. Chemical analyses of fish or water samples at collection sites were not conducted, so we cannot attribute the observation of intersex to specific, known estrogenic endocrine—disrupting chemicals.”

Referencing an older study also examining examining Intersex occurrence in freshwater fishes in the U.S. between 1995 and 2004, Fred Pinkney, a USFWS contaminants biologist and study coauthor, said:

“The results of this new study show the extent of endocrine disrupting chemicals on refuge lands using bass as an indicator for exposures that may affect fish and other aquatic species. To help address this issue, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service encourages management actions that reduce runoff into streams, ponds and lakes — both on and off of refuge lands.”

Possible Chemical-Culprits

As Pinkney mentioned, chemical runoff could be a real issue here. There are a number of chemicals and contaminants that could be contributing to these reproductive problems, including:

Glyphosate and atrazine are 2 agricultural chemicals made by Monsanto and Syngenta. These widely-used chemicals leak into U.S. lakes, rivers, streams, and reservoirs. Multiple studies also show that they are endocrine disruptors that may negatively affect reproductivity. [1]

According to a fact sheet on atrazine from Michigan State University:

“Atrazine is used on crops such as sugarcane, corn, pineapples, sorghum, and macadamia nuts, and on evergreen tree farms and for evergreen forest regrowth. It has also been used to keep weeds from growing on both highway and railroad rights-of-way. Atrazine can be sprayed on croplands before crops start growing and after they have emerged from the soil.”

The herbicide then seeps into lakes and waterways. Some of it moves from the surface into deeper soil layers, where it contaminates the groundwater.

MSU continues:

“Only a few reports are available that examine the health effects of atrazine in humans. Some of these reports suggest that atrazine could affect pregnant women by causing their babies to grow more slowly than normal or by causing them to give birth early. However, the women in these studies were exposed to other chemicals in addition to atrazine, so it is not known how or if atrazine may have contributed to these effects.

Atrazine has been shown to cause changes in blood hormone levels in animals that affected ovulation and the ability to reproduce. These effects are not expected to occur in humans because of specific biological differences between humans and these types of animals. Atrazine also caused liver, kidney, and heart damage in animals; it is possible that atrazine could cause these effects in humans, though this has not been examined.”

Glyphosate – the other hormone disruptor –has been found in human urine, blood, and even breast milk, as corroborated by three different studies. Although biotechnology company Monsanto refutes the evidence of glyphosate’s possible negative impact on reproduction (based on non-human studies), other studies have shown that the chemical could hamper the reproductive systems of animals, including female Jundiá, zebrafish, and rats. [2] [3] [4]

Still, some research suggests that it may not be the worst culprit:

“The primary objective of our study was to measure the stress response in juenile largemouth bass, micropterus salmoides, that were exposed to the following aquatic herbicides: diquat, endothall, 2,4-D, fluridone, and glyphosate (Rodeo).

An analysis of glucose and osmolality levels showed that the intensity and the rate of occurrence of the stress response varied with each herbicide. These differences were also associated with the concentration of the herbicide and the length of exposure. Of the five herbicides tested, glyphosate elicited the lowest stress response in the bass. This response was not related to either dose or exposure period … 2,4-D elicited the most intense stress response in the bass … The magnitude of the stress response was greater for 2,4-D than for any other herbicide tested.

The results of this study suggest that of the aquatic herbicides tested, glyphosate and endothall may be the least stressful herbicide to juvenile largemouth bass.”

The quantity of glyphosate in the environment has been difficult to analyze due to its physicochemical properties, such as its relatively low molecular weight and low organic solvent solubility.

However, an innovative study used a magnetic particle immunoassay to test for the presence of glyphosate in roughly 140 samples of groundwater from Catalonia, Spain. The analysis, published in the journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, found that glyphosate was present “above the limit of quantification” in 41% of the samples. This indicates that “despite manufacturer’s claims, it does not break down rapidly in the environment, and is accumulating there in concerning quantities.”

Needless to say, more research is needed.

The earlier referenced study examining Intersex occurrence in freshwater fishes in the U.S. between 1995 and 2004 mentions other chemicals, though doesn’t pinpoint them as the causes:

“Total mercury, trans-nonachlor, p,p′-DDE, p,p′-DDD, and total PCBs were the most commonly detected chemical contaminants at all sites, regardless of whether intersex was observed.”

What we can probably conclude is that the presence of these endocrine disruptors in our most protected waters – those of our National Wildlife Refuges – is likely threatening wildlife, and we should take further measures to protect the animals and environment as a whole.


Environmental Health News


[2] Pubmed/21783773

[3] Pubmed/24364672

[4] ScienceDirect

Storable FoodStorable Food

About Mike Barrett:

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Mike is the co-founder, editor, and researcher behind Natural Society. Studying the work of top natural health activists, and writing special reports for top 10 alternative health websites, Mike has written hundreds of articles and pages on how to obtain optimum wellness through natural health.

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