World’s biggest franchise: Who profits from the Olympic Games?

To make it more specific – whose money makes the Olympics roll?

There’s arguably no sleeker money-making machine in the world than the IOC currently is – selling its name & symbols for a major buck. But let’s address common misconceptions first.

Popular belief:

The IOC is somewhat similar to the UN – it exists on fees paid by respective country members or, more specifically, National Olympic Committees.


The IOC is, essentially, a private organization incorporated in Switzerland as a non-profit.
It proudly says about itself

…As an entirely privately funded organisation, the IOC’s commercial partnerships continue to prove invaluable to the staging of the Olympic Games and the operations of every organisation within the Olympic Movement.

Popular belief:

The IOC and the Olympics organizers share costs of preparing and staging the Olympics.


The Olympic Games are the world biggest franchise – an applicant-city has to convince the IOC that is has already prepared, or will prepare in time, what is necessary for the Games. Bearing all associated costs. ‘What’s necessary’ is at the sole discretion of the IOC. In exchange the successful bidder gets the right to call its competition ‘the Olympic Games’.

The lion’s share of expenses is always borne by the organizers. Including, but not limited to, building sport facilities, organizing lodgings and transportation for athletes and officials, feeding them during the Games etc., etc.

The only large expense borne by the IOC is the organization of television broadcasting of the events.

Popular Belief:

Surely, the profits are shared between the Olympics organizers and the IOC?


Barely. The IOC retains and controls almost all the marketing rights associated with the Games. Profits from on-site Olympic paraphernalia and venue tickets sales are shared – but those are minor compared to the main sources of income. The main profits from those marketing rights always go straight to the IOC.

Popular Belief:

Speaking of main sources of income: the Games are largely underwritten by all those transnational corporations whose ads you get to see all the time, both as posters on the Olympic arenas and on your TV, right?


Yes and no. In order to be associated with the IOC and have the right to display patented Olympic Rings on your wares, one has to buy into the Olympic Partner (TOP) Programme. Currently there are 13 large corporations, mostly US-headquartered that “pay the IOC for the rings.” They pay hundreds of millions of dollars per year for the privilege.

Yet the TOP Programme, while important, is a secondary source of money for the IOC.
Did we mention that all the money from the TOP go straight into the IOC coffers, the Games organizers have nothing to do with that?

…So, if ticket sales are minor source of income and even the money from those mighty Coca-Cola, P&G and Visa are small fry in comparison – who’s the IOC’s main financial sponsor?

The answer is simple: NBC Universal. An American media conglomerate that provides the IOC with a whopping 40+ percent of all its revenue from any given Olympic Games.

That follows from simple math: the New York City-headquartered corporation paid the IOC $4.38 billion for the TV rights for the US market for the four Olympics from 2014-2020, inclusive of PyeongChang 2018, or $1.1 billion on average (the contract does not distinguish between the Summer and Winter Olympics). 

For those stunned by the amount of money the Americans are willing to send to Lausanne, here’s an even more impressive figure: as early as 2014, NBC and the IOC extended their deal to cover the next six Olympics till 2032 – for $7.75 billion, or 1.3 billion each.

How and if NBC makes return on such a huge investment (the biggest sum paid in television history) is a separate story – but the fact is, the Americans are the Olympic movement’s biggest ‘shareholders’. One might even call it having a ‘controlling stake’.

But that’s not it. Tired of haggling with European broadcasters individually, the IOC decided to sell the TV rights to the whole of Europe in one package. The Europeans tried, but failed, to appease the IOC’s appetite. The rights went to another US-based media behemoth – Discovery Communications. The deal is not as sweet for the IOC as the NBC one, but not a pesky number by any means: the Maryland-based corporation paid €1.3 billion for four Olympics 2018-2024 (about US$1.6 billion at the current rate, or $40 million ‘per item’). Discovery then proceeded to resell the rights piecemeal to individual European broadcasters, which caused no end of anguish for the latter, but again, that’s a separate story.

Compared to the NBC and Discovery deals, the rest of the world is paying a lot less – while not publicly disclosed, estimates indicate that the two biggest IOC earners outside the US and Europe – the Japanese and Chinese TV rights – give the Olympic right-holders $250 and $125 million per ‘Olympiad’, respectively.

All in all, the latest breakdown of the IOC revenue looks as follows:

• 73 percent broadcasting rights
• 18 percent the Olympic Partner (TOP) Programme marketing rights
• 5 percent other revenue
• 4 percent other rights

The total IOC revenue for the upcoming Games could be (rather conservatively) estimated at $2 billion. Does that mean the IOC bosses get to put it into the Swiss bank vaults nearby? Of course not! Most of the money will be spent on aiding poorer countries’ sports development, as well as staging loss-making competitions such a Youth Olympic Games. The IOC, however, modestly mentions in its documents that “somewhat less than 10 percent of revenue goes towards keeping it functional” – not a small chunk of money by any means.

More importantly, the IOC is barely hiding that these days its prime function is to increase the revenue flow by selling what could be sold to the highest bidder. Whoever that bidder is and wherever it comes from. As a result, it starts to resemble a corporation in which key investors demand more compliance from the management – “or else.” So much for the ‘international Olympic movement.’

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Trump–Jewish congressman Adam Schiff ‘one of the biggest liars and leakers in Washington’

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#GrammysSoPolitical: Hillary Gets ‘Biggest Cheer of the Night’ in Trump-Bashing Cameo

How political were the 60th Annual Grammy Awards on CBS Sunday night? According to host James Corden, the music audience’s response to Hillary Clinton “might have been the biggest cheer of the night.”

Host Corden talked about the Spoken Word Grammy and mentioned “some of the world’s most inspiring voices” who’ve won in the past (all of whom just happen to be liberal politicians) then did a skit having celebrities audition to read the widely discredited book on President Trump, titled Fire and Fury. Lo and behold, Hillary Clinton ended the spot by reading an excerpt, garnering huge applause from the crowd. You know the poor woman just can’t leave the stage and the liberal elites in entertainment just love her.



Corden: Now, some people don’t know this, but you don’t always need to be a musician to win a Grammy. In fact, every year, the recording academy has honored the best spoken word album. And over the years, the award has gone to some of the world’s most inspiring voices. Bill Clinton has won a Grammy. Barack Obama has won a Grammy. Hillary Clinton, Jimmy Carter, and Al Gore all have Grammys. We know that our current president does love winning awards and the good news for him is he may just be the subject of next year’s winner. The question I’ve got is, who will be the narrator? Fire and Fury spoken word auditions take one.
John Legend: Trump won’t read anything. He gets up halfway through meetings with world leaders because he is bored.
Corden: Cut! Sorry. It’s– it just feels a bit too smooth. I don’t think it’s going to work. Next.
Cher: His combover, semicolon, the color was a product called Just for Men. The longer it was left on, the darker it got. Impatience resulted in Trump’s orange blond hair color.
Corden: Cut.
Snoop Dogg: Trump did not enjoy his own inauguration. He started to get angry and hurt that stars were determined to embarrass him. I definitely wasn’t there.
Corden: Cut. Cardi B
Cardi B: Trump having his dinner with Steve Bannon, he was in bed by ten with a burger. Why am I even reading this [bleep]? I can’t believe this. I can’t believe that he really– that this is how he lives
DJ Khalid: The housekeeper staff for pick up his shirt from the floor. If my shirt is on the floor it’s because I want it on the floor. Another one, it’s– matter, it’s the best spoken word album in the game.
Corden: Cut, cut, this isn’t going to work.
DJ Khalid: It’s not going to work. Everything I do, work.
Corden: Stand by, take one.
Hillary Clinton: He had a long-time fear of being poisoned. One reason why he likes to eat at McDonald’s. Nobody knew he was coming and the food was safely premade.
Corden: That’s it. We’ve got it. That is the one.
Hillary: You think so?
Corden: Oh yeah.
Hillary: The Grammy is in the bag?
Corden: In the bag. That might have been the biggest cheer of the night.

After last year’s #GrammysSoWhite kerfluffle, Cordon promised “the most diverse group of nominees” and rapper Kendrick Lamar, comedian Dave Chappelle, and U2’s Bono and the Edge opened the show with a big musical number complete with giant American flag, camouflage costumed dancers, and gunshots ringing out.

Lamar was delivering a message about violence against African Americans and guns as he rapped the following lyrics:

Ain’t no black power when your baby killed by a coward
I can’t even keep the peace, don’t you fuck with one of ours
It be murder in the street, it be bodies in the hour
Ghetto bird on the street, paramedics on the dial
Let somebody touch my momma
Touch my sister, touch my woman
Touch my daddy, touch my niece
Touch my nephew, touch my brother
You should chip a nigga then throw the blower in his lap
Matter fact, I’m ’bout to speak at this convention
Call you back

Just in case the audience wasn’t acutely enough aware that Lamar was making a statement about gun violence against black men, Chappelle emphasized it by saying, “I just wanted to remind everybody that the only thing more frightening than watching a black man be honest in America…is being an honest black man in America.” Oh. Ok.



Late night show hosts just couldn’t resist bringing politics into their presentations. Far-left liberal activist comedienne Sarah Silverman co-presented an award but first said she was there to encourage people to vote. Her co-presenter said, “No, we’re not.” To this Silverman answered that it didn’t really matter, “The world is basically over anyway.” Really? The world is over because her candidate didn’t win the last election? Trevor Noah presented the award for Best Comedy Album to Dave Chappelle. Before doing so, he had to drag President Trump into the mix: “It takes me back, you know, like way-way back to when Trump wasn’t president. By the way, Jay-Z, he sent your message. He said we should inform you.” This was in reference to a recent tweet sent by the president.

But wait, there’s more. A tribute to those killed by gun violence at the hands of mentally ill gunmen was performed by country music artists Maren Morris, Eric Church and Brothers Osborne. They sang Eric Clapton’s “Here in Heaven.” While country music artists have generally stayed away from voicing support of gun control, Morris was recently quoted about her decision to begin speaking up. Thankfully, the artists only sang and spared us any sanctimonious lecturing in conflict with our Second Amendment right to legally possess guns.

Recording artist, producer, and actress Janelle Monae introduced the #TimesUp segment of the show.

To those who would dare try and silence us, we offer you two words: #Timesup. We say time’s up for pay inequality, discrimination or harassment of any kind, and the abuse of power. It’s not just going on in Hollywood, or in Washington, it’s right here in our industry as well. And just as we have the power to shape culture, we also have the power to undo the culture that does not serve us well. So, let’s work together, women and men, as a united music industry committed to creating more safe work environments, equal pay, and access for all women. And as we do, as artists, our next performer embodies the great tradition of delivering important social messages through their music.

Then singer Kesha performed with back-up by Cindy Lauper, Camila Cabello, Andra Day, Bebe Rexha, Julia Michaels and The Resistance Revival Chorus, all clad in white. Kesha recently spoke about her nervousness to perform at the Grammys. White roses were worn this evening in recognition of sexual abuse and harassment.

Not to be left out, the DREAMer activists were represented by a mini-speech delivered by Camilla Cabello, a Cuban-Mexican-American singer born in Havana. Cubans immigrants are not the same as most DREAMers but she didn’t make that distinction. She was too busy saying that DREAMers can’t be ignored.

Tonight, in this room full of music’s dreamers, we remember that this country was built by dreamers, for dreamers, chasing the American dream. I’m here on this stage tonight because just like the dreamers my parents brought me to this country with nothing in their pockets but hope. They showed me what it means to work twice as hard and never give up, and honestly, no part of my journey is any different from theirs. I’m a proud Cuban-Mexican immigrant, born in eastern Havana, standing in front of you on the Grammy stage in New York City, and all I know is, just like dreams, these kids can’t be forgotten and are worth fighting for.

Did she miss the recent government shut-down as the Democrats decided that amnesty for illegal aliens, including DREAMers, was more important than normal government operations working for all Americans?

The artist Logic went on a rant about immigration after his performance, saying in part, “On behalf of those who fight for equality in a world that is not equal, not just and not ready for the change we are here to bring, I say unto you: bring us your tired, your poor, and any immigrant who seeks refuge. For together we can build not just a better country, but a world that is destined to be united.”

There was so much politicking that by the time Corden began an introduction designed to fake the audience into thinking Barack Obama was coming on stage I half believed it.

During the Grammy pre-show red carpet coverage, singer Joy Villa caused a stir by delivering a pro-life message with her choice of gown and handbag. You may remember her MAGA dress from last year’s Grammy’s.

But aside from Villa standing for life, this show checked all the items of a social justice warrior’s wish list – gun violence, racial divisions, illegal immigration, sexual harassment and abuse, and even inserted Hillary Clinton into the mix. What more could they want?

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Biggest Washington DC Lobbyist Is Now Google

Biggest Washington DC Lobbyist Is Now Google

January 25th, 2018

Via: Register:

For the first time, an internet company has become the largest lobbyist in Washington DC.

With the release of fourth quarter lobbying figures – a legal requirement – it has been revealed that Google (well, Alphabet) spent no less than $18m in 2017 to lobby lawmakers in the US capital: a 17 per cent increase on the previous year.

Although a number of industry associations – such as the US Chamber of Commerce – spent more, Google is the largest corporate entity on the list, reflecting both its enormous influence, it’s bottomless pockets, and the tech industry’s efforts to push back on a growing consensus that the internet is in need of greater regulation.

It’s not just Google either: Amazon splurged $12.8m – a 17 per cent year-on-year increase; Facebook blew $11.5m – a 32 per cent increase; and Apple spent $7.1m – a 51 per cent increase on the previous year.

This huge lobbying spend does not represent the full picture when it comes to influencing Washington DC, either.

The lobbying releases only cover the costs of a company’s own employees: they don’t include the money that all these companies spent on third-party lobbying groups, who typically boast former high-level government officials and promise access and persuasion for very large sums. Nor does it cover donations made to campaign committees.




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China built the biggest air purifier in the world

The 100-meter high purification tower in Xian is said to cover an area of 10 square kilometers.

Cutting down on the amount of air pollutants being released every day is the best approach for a cleaner local atmosphere, but in areas where massive amounts of smog are produced, finding an efficient way to clean the air is taking center stage. One effort, which at the time was touted as being the world’s largest air purifier, has yielded a 7-meter tall Smog Free Tower in Rotterdam, but when your country boasts of some of the worst air quality around, you have to go bigger. Much bigger.

China’s latest attempt to mitigate some of its air pollution is an experimental air purification tower standing 100 meters high, located in Xian in the north central part of the country, and preliminary tests indicate that it can improve air quality over an area some 10 square kilometers in size. The smog tower, which is a project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, isn’t a power hog, either, thanks to the design that uses large greenhouses at the base of it to heat incoming air with solar energy so that it rises passively through the tower’s multiple filters before exiting the top much cleaner than before.

The tower, which was completed last year, is said to produce about 10 million cubic meters (353 million cubic feet) of clean air per day, with an average reduction in PM 2.5 (fine particulate matter measuring 2.5 microns or less in width) of 15% in local air during periods of heavy pollution. Anecdotal evidence gathered by the South China Morning Post was mixed when it came to the efficacy of the smog tower, with some residents claiming to not notice any difference in the air quality, while others said “the improvement was quite noticeable.”

If the testing results continue to bear out over time, the Academy group behind the smog tower hopes to build a much bigger version measuring 500 meters tall and 200 meters wide, with the greenhouses feeding it covering some 30 square kilometers. It’s thought that a smog tower of this size could clean the air for an entire small city.

hat tip CleanTechnica

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2018 midterms, not Mueller, remain biggest threat to Trump presidency

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WHO: Asia, Africa, Literally Earth’s Biggest "Sh*tholes"


558 million Central and Southern Asians and 220 million sub-Saharan Africans defecate in the open—and only 36 percent of Asians and 28 percent of Africans have access to “basic” toilets, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The WHO report, formally titled “Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Update and SDG Baselines 2017,” and released on the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply website, is an annual survey.

According to the latest report, sub-Saharan Africa leads the world in “open defecation,” closely followed by Oceania, Central Asia and Southern Asia.

The report says that only 39 percent of the earth’s population of 2.9 billion people use “a safely managed sanitation service; that is, excreta safely disposed of in situ or treated off-site.”

This population is almost exclusively concentrated in what it calls the “developed world”—that is, North America, Europe, and Japan,

However, the report continues, “2.3 billion people still lack even a basic sanitation service,” and “600 million people used a limited sanitation service; that is, improved facilities shared with other households.”

Furthermore, the report says, “892 million people worldwide still practise open defecation.” Nearly two thirds (558 million) live in Central Asia and Southern Asia, with another quarter (220 million) in sub-Saharan Africa.

“Sixteen of the 24 countries in which at least one person in five has limited sanitation services are found in sub-Saharan Africa (Figure 21)” the report says.

The report also deals with world hygiene levels, and reports that in “34 out of 38 African countries with data, less than 50% of the population used basic handwashing facilities.”

The report adds that the “The elimination of open defecation has been identified as a top priority and is closely associated with wider efforts to end extreme poverty by 2030.”

However, it continued, “much remains to be done, especially in rural areas, where open defecation has been declining at a rate of just 0.7 percentage points per year.”

It says that nine out of ten countries where more than five percent of the population lacked basic sanitation in 2015 “are progressing too slowly to achieve universal basic sanitation by 2030, and suggests that in one out of seven countries, use of basic sanitation is actually decreasing.”

“The majority of the 2.3 billion people who still lacked a basic sanitation service either practise open defecation (892 million) or use unimproved facilities such as pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines (856 million).

“The remaining 600 million use improved sanitation facilities that are shared with other households.”

The WHO report—of course—ignores the obvious close correlation between IQ and those regions with the worst sanitation levels, as can be seen from the comparison charts below.

Above: IQ Distribution across the globe, and below, poor sanitation. The correlation is obvious.

The correlation between sanitation and IQ levels provides the real answer to the “problems” which the WHO confronts—but because they, like all liberals, deny the reality of race, they will never be able to solve this serious problem.

The regions in question will therefore remain the “sh*tholes” of the world—until their excess populations overrun the rest of the world, and then the entire world will follow the Third World example.



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Biggest Misconception about Israel Palestine Conflict Explained

Biggest Misconception about Israel Palestine Conflict Explained

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Decades Later, One of the Biggest Environmental Disasters In US History Continues To Harm Generations

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In 1973, one of the biggest environmental disasters in US history occurred in St. Louis, Michigan. It continues to haunt many today, and ill-effects are being felt not only by those directly affected, but also by their children and grandchildren. Yet, most people haven’t heard of this environmental disaster, and many of the people who are affected by it—through ill-health of various types of cancer, birth defects, autoimmune diseases, etc.—don’t realize that their ill-health is due to this environmental disaster that happened more than 40 years ago.

The environmental disaster, which resulted in a human health disaster, that I’m referring to is the contamination of tons of animal feed with a fire-retardant chemical called PBB (polybrominated biphenyl). PBB is a highly toxic endocrine disrupting chemical, which dissolves in fat and persists in human and animal bodies for decades. It also persists in the environment, and continues to cause harm long after direct exposure has ceased.

In 1973, the Michigan Chemical Corporation (MCC) produced both Firemaster, a PBB flame-retardant, and Nutrimaster, a magnesium-based agricultural feed additive. Human error led to the two being mixed-up:

“MCC had a system where each product was safely packaged in color-coded sacks, so there were no chances of mistakes being made. The system worked well until early 1973, when an inventory supply problem led to a temporary shortage of color-coded sacks, and plain sacks had to be used instead. By coincidence, a new formulation of Firemaster was being trialed at the same time, and this new formulation was almost identical to Nutrimaster in appearance. Murphy’s law came into full effect, and a truckload of the reformulated Firemaster was inadvertently delivered to Michigan’s largest cattle and poultry feed manufacturer. By the time the mistake was discovered, poisoned animal feed had already been distributed to farmers statewide and had been fed to their livestock.” (source)

1.5 million chickens, 30,000 cattle, 5,900 pigs, and 1,470 sheep then consumed this feed, became contaminated with PBBs. Thousands of cattle, pigs, sheep, and chickens died horrible, painful deaths, and many more were euthanized. This excerpt from the film, Cattlegate, shows the toll that the PBB mix-up had on animals and their human keepers:

Before the mix-up was discovered, hundreds of contaminated cattle and chickens were slaughtered, and their meat was used for human consumption. Milk from contaminated dairy-cows was also consumed by humans. When the PBBs got into the human food-chain, more than 8 million people, mainly in Michigan, consumed PBB-contaminated meat and dairy, and the mix-up transformed from an environmental disaster to a human-health disaster.

“Initial data gathered from the PBB cohort study revealed other health problems among the hundreds of families and thousands of individuals recruited. Like other infamous toxicants such as bisphenol A and dioxin, PBB is classified as an endocrine disruptor, meaning that it interferes with the body’s array of natural hormones. Growing concern about endocrine disruptors since the 1990s has spurred an avalanche of research linking these chemicals to thyroid problems, diabetes, obesity, fertility problems, changes in pubertal development, and hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer.” (source

Many of the health problems caused by PBB exposure didn’t emerge immediately. The health issues listed in the quote above—thyroid problems, diabetes, obesity, fertility problems, changes in pubertal development, and hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer—take time to develop. Just as worrisome as the time-bomb of diseases caused by direct PBB exposure, are the epigenetic consequences of PBB exposure. The children, and maybe future grandchildren, of people exposed to PBB appear to have worse health outcomes than the children of people who haven’t been exposed to PBB. (The extent of the health differences between the offspring of people exposed to PBB and people not exposed to PBB is still being studied.) There are harrowing stories from people who were exposed to PBB, and who had children who were exposed to PBB in-utero, including this comment:

“My first wife was pregnant with our second child at the time of the cover up. My wife, following doctor’s instructions, was on a fairly high fat diet including lots of milk, cheese and other dairy foods. Our child was a full term stillborn with massive deformities including spina bifida, sexual ambiguity, and a unformed skull bone that was open.” (source)

The people who lived in Northern Michigan in 1973, especially those in the agricultural communities near the MCC Plant, likely know whether or not they were directly exposed to PBB at the time, and many, like the commenter above, tell harrowing stories of the effects of PBBs on the health of their children. They should be believed, no matter how difficult it is to quantify the epigenetic effects of an environmental disaster that occurred more than 40 years ago. Additionally, anyone who suffers from the diseases associated with exposure to PBBs and other endocrine disrupting persistent organic pollutants, including but not limited to, thyroid problems, diabetes, obesity, fertility problems, changes in pubertal development, and hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer, should question whether they, their parents, or even their grandparents, were exposed to PBB. PBBs got into the food-supply, and many people ate PBB-contaminated meat and dairy products without realizing that they had been exposed.

Another reason that people today should be concerned about the PBB disaster of 1973 is that PBBs are PERSISTENT organic pollutants, “a large class of compounds that includes chemicals like DDT, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and dioxins that resist being broken down in the body and the environment” (source). Persistent organic pollutants resist natural processes of decay and essentially never biodegrade. They move around the environment, in air and in water, and they move up and down the food-chain as they are consumed, the consuming animal dies, and they are consumed again. They tend to accumulate in the bodies of carnivores, and in the polar regions of the world, causing the most damage in the top predators, especially the top predators in the polar regions. Persistent organic pollutants can be contained, but inadequate measures to contain PBBs have been taken. Many of the euthanized animals that were directly harmed by PBBs were incinerated—sending PBB molecules into the air, and it is unknown where they landed. Other euthanized animals were buried, and though burial is one of the better ways of containing persistent organic pollutants, it is imperfect, as the animals’ bodies disintegrated and the PBBs seeped into the water table.

The harmful effects of persistent endocrine disrupting pollutants is described in the wonderful book, Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival? A Scientific Detective Story, where it is noted that:

“Much of the concern about hormonally active synthetic chemicals arises from the persistence that many of them have in the environment. Many don’t readily degrade into benign components. A generation after industrial countries stopped the production of the most notorious of these persistent chemicals, their legacy endures in food and in human and animal bodies. Some will be in the environment for decades, and in a few cases even centuries.” 

Shortly after the uncovering of the disastrous mix-up at the MCC Plant, the use of PBBs was discontinued in America. However, their harmful legacy continues, and the children and grandchildren of those affected by the PBB disaster continue to experience ill-health related to their exposure. Because of the persistence of PBBs, the ill-effects they caused didn’t end when they stopped being manufactured. The release of tons of PBBs directly into the human food-supply in 1973 is still causing health problems for those exposed, and likely for many people who don’t realize that they have been exposed. The legacy of the PBB disaster is ongoing, and will likely continue for many decades, if not centuries. It is one of the most significant environmental and human health disasters of modern times, yet too few people know about it. When it comes to endocrine disrupting persistent organic pollutants, ignorance isn’t bliss, and though there’s not a lot that people can do to mitigate exposure, knowledge is empowering. The PBB disaster had far-reaching consequences—consequences that continue to haunt us today.


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